DAURISMO- glasdegib tablet, film coated
Pfizer Laboratories Div Pfizer Inc
HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION
These highlights do not include all the information needed to use DAURISMO safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for DAURISMO.
DAURISMO™ (glasdegib) tablets, for oral use
Initial U.S. Approval: 2018
WARNING: EMBRYO-FETAL TOXICITY
See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.
INDICATIONS AND USAGE
DAURISMO is a hedgehog pathway inhibitor indicated, in combination with low-dose cytarabine, for the treatment of newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adult patients who are ≥75 years old or who have comorbidities that preclude use of intensive induction chemotherapy. (1)
Limitation of Use: DAURISMO has not been studied in patients with the comorbidities of severe renal impairment or moderate-to-severe hepatic impairment.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
Recommended dose: 100 mg orally, once daily. (2.1)
DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS
Tablets: 100 mg, 25 mg. (3)
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
Most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥20%) are anemia, fatigue, hemorrhage, febrile neutropenia, musculoskeletal pain, nausea, edema, thrombocytopenia, dyspnea, decreased appetite, dysgeusia, mucositis, constipation, and rash. (6.1)
To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Pfizer, Inc. at 1-800-438-1985 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.
USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS
See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION and Medication Guide.
FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*
DAURISMO can cause embryo-fetal death or severe birth defects when administered to a pregnant woman. DAURISMO is embryotoxic, fetotoxic, and teratogenic in animals [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1), Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].
Conduct pregnancy testing in females of reproductive potential prior to initiation of DAURISMO treatment. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with DAURISMO and for at least 30 days after the last dose [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1), Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3)].
Advise males of the potential risk of DAURISMO exposure through semen and to use condoms with a pregnant partner or a female partner of reproductive potential during treatment with DAURISMO and for at least 30 days after the last dose to avoid potential drug exposure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1), Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].
DAURISMO is indicated, in combination with low-dose cytarabine, for the treatment of newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adult patients who are ≥75 years old or who have comorbidities that preclude use of intensive induction chemotherapy.
The recommended dose of DAURISMO is 100 mg orally once daily on days 1 to 28 in combination with cytarabine 20 mg subcutaneously twice daily on days 1 to 10 of each 28-day cycle in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or loss of disease control. For patients without unacceptable toxicity, treat for a minimum of 6 cycles to allow time for clinical response.
Administer DAURISMO with or without food. Do not split or crush DAURISMO tablets. Administer DAURISMO about the same time each day. If a dose of DAURISMO is vomited, do not administer a replacement dose; wait until the next scheduled dose is due. If a dose of DAURISMO is missed or not taken at the usual time, administer the dose as soon as possible and at least 12 hours prior to the next scheduled dose. Return to the normal schedule the following day. Do not administer 2 doses of DAURISMO within 12 hours.
Assess complete blood counts, electrolytes, renal, and hepatic function prior to the initiation of DAURISMO and at least once weekly for the first month. Monitor electrolytes and renal function once monthly for the duration of therapy. Obtain serum creatine kinase levels prior to initiating DAURISMO and as indicated clinically thereafter (e.g., if muscle symptoms are reported). Monitor electrocardiograms (ECGs) prior to the initiation of DAURISMO, approximately one week after initiation, and then once monthly for the next two months to assess for QTc prolongation. Repeat ECG if abnormal. Certain patients may require more frequent and ongoing ECG monitoring [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. Manage any abnormalities promptly [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].
See Table 1 for dose modification guidelines for patients who develop an adverse reaction.
|Adverse Reaction||Recommended Action|
|QTc interval prolongation on at least 2 separate electrocardiograms (ECGs)||QTc interval greater than 480 ms to 500 ms||Assess electrolyte levels and supplement as clinically indicated.|
Review and adjust concomitant medications with known QTc interval-prolonging effects [see Drug Interactions (7)].
Monitor ECGs at least weekly for 2 weeks following resolution of QTc prolongation to less than or equal to 480 ms.
|QTc interval greater than 500 ms||Assess electrolyte levels and supplement as clinically indicated.|
Review and adjust concomitant medications with known QTc interval-prolonging effects [see Drug Interactions (7)].
Resume DAURISMO at a reduced dose of 50 mg once daily when QTc interval returns to within 30 ms of baseline or less than or equal to 480 ms.
Monitor ECGs at least weekly for 2 weeks following resolution of QTc prolongation.
Consider re-escalating the dose of DAURISMO to 100 mg daily if an alternative etiology for the QTc prolongation can be identified.
|QTc interval prolongation with life-threatening arrhythmia||Discontinue DAURISMO permanently.|
|Hematologic toxicity||Platelets less than 10 Gi/L for more than 42 days in the absence of disease||Discontinue DAURISMO and low-dose cytarabine permanently.|
|Neutrophil count less than 0.5 Gi/L for more than 42 days in the absence of disease||Discontinue DAURISMO and low-dose cytarabine permanently.|
|Nonhematologic toxicity||Grade 3*||Interrupt DAURISMO and/or low-dose cytarabine until symptoms reduce to mild or return to baseline.|
Resume DAURISMO at the same dose level, or at a reduced dose of 50 mg.
Resume low-dose cytarabine at the same dose level, or at a reduced dose of 15 mg or 10 mg.
If toxicity recurs, discontinue DAURISMO and low-dose cytarabine.
If toxicity is attributable to DAURISMO only, low-dose cytarabine may be continued.
|Grade 4*||Discontinue DAURISMO and low-dose cytarabine permanently.|
DAURISMO 100 mg tablets: round, pale orange film-coated tablet debossed with "Pfizer" on one side and "GLS 100" on the other.
DAURISMO 25 mg tablets: round, yellow film-coated tablet debossed with "Pfizer" on one side and "GLS 25" on the other.
Based on its mechanism of action and findings from animal embryo-fetal developmental toxicity studies, DAURISMO can cause embryo-fetal death or severe birth defects when administered to a pregnant woman. There are no clinical data on the use of DAURISMO in pregnant women. In animal embryo-fetal developmental toxicity studies, glasdegib caused embryotoxicity, fetotoxicity and teratogenicity at maternal exposures that were less than the human exposure at the recommended human dose of 100 mg [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.2), Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)]. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to the fetus.
Females of Reproductive Potential
DAURISMO is not recommended for use during pregnancy. Conduct pregnancy testing in female patients of reproductive potential prior to initiating DAURISMO treatment. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with DAURISMO and for at least 30 days after the last dose. Advise women not to breastfeed during treatment with DAURISMO and for at least 30 days after the last dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.2, 8.3)].
Advise male patients with female partners of the potential risk of exposure through semen and to use effective contraception, including a condom, even after vasectomy, to avoid drug exposure to a pregnant partner or a female partner of reproductive potential during treatment with DAURISMO and for at least 30 days after the last dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.3)].
Patients treated with DAURISMO can develop QTc prolongation and ventricular arrhythmias, including ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia. Of the 98 evaluable patients treated with DAURISMO 100 mg in combination with low-dose cytarabine in the clinical trial, 5% were found to have a QTc interval greater than 500 ms and 4% of patients had an increase from baseline QTc greater than 60 ms. The clinical trial excluded patients with baseline QTc of greater than 470 ms or with a history of long QT syndrome or uncontrolled cardiovascular disease.
Monitor electrocardiograms (ECGs) and electrolytes [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)]. Concomitant use of DAURISMO with drugs known to prolong the QTc interval and CYP3A4 inhibitors may increase the risk of QTc interval prolongation [see Drug Interactions (7), Clinical Pharmacology (12.2)]. In patients with congenital long QT syndrome, congestive heart failure, electrolyte abnormalities, or those who are taking medications known to prolong the QTc interval, more frequent ECG monitoring is recommended.
Interrupt DAURISMO if QTc increases to greater than 500 ms. Discontinue DAURISMO permanently for patients who develop QTc interval prolongation with signs or symptoms of life-threatening arrhythmia [see Dosage and Administration (2.2)].
The following clinically significant adverse reaction is described elsewhere in the labeling:
Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.
The safety profile of DAURISMO is based on experience in the BRIGHT AML 1003 study for 111 adults with newly-diagnosed AML and 14 adults with other conditions for which DAURISMO is not indicated [see Clinical Studies (14)]. Patients were treated with DAURISMO 100 mg daily in combination with low-dose cytarabine (N=84) or low-dose cytarabine alone (N=41). The median duration of treatment in the DAURISMO with low-dose cytarabine arm was 83 days (range 3 to 972 days), and the median duration of treatment in the low-dose cytarabine alone arm was 47 days (range 6 to 239 days). The median exposure to DAURISMO in the DAURISMO with low-dose cytarabine arm was 76 days (range 3 to 954 days). Thirty-two patients (38%) were treated with DAURISMO with low-dose cytarabine for at least 6 months and 14 patients (17%) were treated for at least 1 year.
Serious adverse reactions were reported in 79% of patients treated in the DAURISMO with low-dose cytarabine arm. The most common (≥5%) serious adverse reactions in patients receiving DAURISMO with low-dose cytarabine were febrile neutropenia (29%), pneumonia (23%), hemorrhage (12%), anemia (7%), and sepsis (7%).
Dose reductions associated with adverse reactions were reported in 26% of patients treated with DAURISMO with low-dose cytarabine, and the most common reasons (≥2%) for dose reductions due to adverse reactions were muscle spasms (5%), fatigue (4%), febrile neutropenia (4%), anemia (2%), thrombocytopenia (2%), and ECG QT prolonged (2%). Adverse reactions leading to permanent discontinuation were reported in 36% of patients treated with DAURISMO with low-dose cytarabine, and the most common (≥2%) reasons for permanent discontinuation were pneumonia (6%), febrile neutropenia (4%), sepsis (4%), sudden death (2%), myocardial infarction (2%), nausea (2%), and renal insufficiency (2%).
Adverse reactions reported in the first 90 days of therapy on the BRIGHT AML 1003 study are shown in Table 2.
|Body System||Adverse Reactions||DAURISMO With Low-Dose Cytarabine|
|Grade ≥ 3|
|Grade ≥ 3|
|Abbreviations: N = number of patients.|
Preferred terms were retrieved by applying the Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA) version 19.1.
BRIGHT AML 1003 used National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0.
Adverse reactions include events that commenced within 28 days after the last treatment dose.
|Blood and lymphatic system disorder||Anemia||43||41||42||37|
|General disorders and administration site conditions||Fatigue§||36||14||32||7|
|Musculoskeletal and connective tissue disorders||Musculoskeletal painß||30||2||17||2|
|Respiratory thoracic and mediastinal disorders||Dyspneaø||23||11||24||7|
|Metabolism and nutrition disorders||Decrease appetite||21||1||7||2|
|Nervous system disorders||Dysgeusia£||21||0||2||0|
|Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders||Rash¥||20||2||7||2|
|Infection and infestations||PneumoniaŒ||19||15||24||22|
|Platelet count decreased||15||15||10||10|
|White blood cell count decreased||11||11||5||2|
|Cardiac disorders||Atrial arrhythmiaœ||13||4||7||2|
|Renal and urinary disorders||Renal insufficiencyƉ||19||5||10||0|
The adverse reactions muscle spasms (4 in 12 patients) and decreased appetite (2 in 10 patients) worsened (i.e. progressed from Grades ≤ 2 to Grade 3 or higher) after the first 90 days of therapy in BRIGHT AML 1003.
Additional clinically-significant adverse reactions occurring in < 10% of patients treated with DAURISMO and low-dose cytarabine in BRIGHT AML 1003 include:
Changes in selected post-baseline laboratory values that were observed in patients with newly-diagnosed AML and other conditions for which DAURISMO is not indicated in the clinical trial are shown in Table 3.
|DAURISMO with Low-Dose Cytarabine||Low-Dose Cytarabine|
|Laboratory Abnormality||N||All Grades|
|Grade 3 or 4†|
|Grade 3 or 4†|
|Abbreviations: N = number of patients; AST = aspartate aminotransferase; ALT = alanine aminotransferase; CPK = creatinine phosphokinase.|
BRIGHT AML 1003 used National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0.
|Blood bilirubin increased||80||25||4||39||33||3|
|Alkaline phosphatase increased||80||23||0||40||28||3|
The following laboratory abnormalities worsened (i.e. progressed from Grades ≤ 2 to Grade 3 or higher) after the first 90 days of therapy in BRIGHT AML 1003:
|Strong CYP3A Inhibitors|
|Prevention or Management|
|Strong CYP3A Inducers|
|Clinical Impact||Co-administration of DAURISMO with strong CYP3A inducers decreased glasdegib plasma concentrations [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)]. |
|Prevention or Management||Avoid co-administration of DAURISMO with strong CYP3A4 inducers.|
|QTc Prolonging Drugs|
|Clinical Impact||Co-administration of DAURISMO with QTc prolonging drugs may increase the risk of QTc interval prolongation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].|
|Prevention or Management|
Based on its mechanism of action and findings in animal embryo-fetal developmental toxicity studies, DAURISMO can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.1)]. There are no clinical data on the use of DAURISMO in pregnant women to inform of a drug-associated risk of major birth defects and miscarriage. DAURISMO is not recommended for use during pregnancy. Conduct pregnancy testing in female patients of reproductive potential prior to initiating treatment with DAURISMO. Report pregnancy exposures to Pfizer at 1-800-438-1985.
In animal embryo-fetal developmental toxicity studies, repeat-dose oral administration of DAURISMO during organogenesis at maternal exposures that were less than the human exposure at the recommended dose resulted in embryotoxicity, fetotoxicity and teratogenicity in rats and rabbits (see Data). Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus.
The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated population are unknown. Adverse outcomes in pregnancy occur regardless of the health of the mother or the use of medications. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2% to 4% and 15% to 20%, respectively.
In embryo-fetal developmental toxicity studies, glasdegib was orally administered to pregnant rats and rabbits at doses up to 100 mg/kg/day during the period of organogenesis. Glasdegib resulted in embryo-fetal lethality (e.g., increased postimplantation loss and decreased numbers of live fetuses) in rats and rabbits at 50 mg/kg/day and 5 mg/kg/day, respectively, at maternal exposures approximately 4-times and 3-times the human exposure at the recommended dose [based on Cmax (rat) and AUC (rabbit)]. Doses of ≥ 10 mg/kg in rat [approximately 0.6-times the human exposure (Cmax) at the recommended dose] and ≥ 5 mg/kg in rabbit resulted in fetal developmental abnormalities and malformations consisting of craniofacial malformations, malformed limbs, paws/digits, trunk and tail, dilation of brain, malpositioned/malformed eyes, misshapen head, small tongue, absent palate, teeth and viscera, diaphragmatic hernia, edema, heart defects, rib and vertebral abnormalities, malformed or absent structures in the appendicular skeleton.
There are no data on the presence of glasdegib or its active metabolites in human milk, the effects of the drug on the breastfed child, or its effect on milk production. Because of the potential for serious adverse reactions in a breastfed child from DAURISMO, advise women who are taking DAURISMO not to breastfeed or provide breast milk to infants or children during treatment with DAURISMO and for at least 30 days after the last dose.
DAURISMO can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)].
Conduct pregnancy testing in females of reproductive potential within 7 days prior to initiating therapy with DAURISMO.
Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with DAURISMO and at least 30 days after the last dose.
It is not known if glasdegib is present in semen. Advise males of the potential risk of exposure through semen and to use effective contraception, including a condom, even after a vasectomy, to avoid drug exposure to a pregnant partner or a female partner of reproductive potential during treatment with DAURISMO and for at least 30 days after the last dose. Advise males to not donate semen during treatment with DAURISMO for at least 30 days after the last dose [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)].
Based on findings in repeat-dose animal toxicity studies in rats, DAURISMO may impair fertility in males of reproductive potential. Some effects on male reproductive organs did not recover [see Nonclinical Toxicology (13.1)]. Men should seek advice on effective fertility preservation before treatment.
The safety and effectiveness of DAURISMO have not been established in pediatric patients. In repeat-dose toxicity studies in rats, oral administration of DAURISMO resulted in adverse changes in growing bone, teeth, and testis. Effects on bone consisted of partial to complete closure of the epiphyseal plate. Effects in growing incisor teeth included degeneration/necrosis of ameloblasts, and complete tooth loss with oral ulceration. Reproductive tissue toxicity was evidenced by testicular degeneration and hypospermatogenesis. These effects in bone, teeth and testis were observed after administration of DAURISMO for 26 weeks at greater than or equal to 50 mg/kg/day corresponding to approximately 6.6-times the steady state AUC in patients at the recommended human dose.
Of the total number of subjects in clinical studies of DAURISMO with low-dose cytarabine (N=88), 98% of the patients were age 65 years or older and 60% of the patients were age 75 years or older. There were insufficient patients younger than age 65 years to determine differences in adverse reactions reported from patients older than 65.
There is no specific antidote for DAURISMO. Management of DAURISMO overdose should include symptomatic treatment and ECG monitoring.
Glasdegib has been administered in clinical studies up to a dose of 640 mg/day. At the highest dosage the adverse events reported were nausea, vomiting, dehydration, fatigue and dizziness.
DAURISMO (glasdegib) is a potent small molecule inhibitor of Smoothened (SMO) for oral use. It is formulated with the maleate salt of glasdegib. The molecular formula for glasdegib maleate is C25H26N6O5. The molecular weight for glasdegib maleate is 490.51 Daltons. The chemical name of glasdegib maleate is 1-((2R,4R)-2-(1H-benzo[d]imidazol-2-yl)-1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)-3-(4-cyanophenyl)urea maleate. The molecular structure is shown below:
Glasdegib maleate is a white to pale colored powder with pKa values of 1.7 and 6.1. The aqueous solubility of glasdegib maleate is 1.7 mg/mL.
DAURISMO (glasdegib) is supplied as a film-coated tablet for oral use containing either 100 mg glasdegib (equivalent to 131.1 mg glasdegib maleate) or 25 mg of glasdegib (equivalent to 32.8 mg glasdegib maleate) together with microcrystalline cellulose, dibasic calcium phosphate anhydrous, sodium starch glycolate, and magnesium stearate as inactive ingredients in the tablet. The film-coating consists of Opadry II® Beige (33G170003) and Opadry II® Yellow (33G120011) containing: hypromellose, titanium dioxide, lactose monohydrate, macrogol, triacetin, iron oxide yellow, and iron oxide red.
Glasdegib is an inhibitor of the Hedgehog pathway. Glasdegib binds to and inhibits Smoothened, a transmembrane protein involved in hedgehog signal transduction.
In a murine xenotransplant model of human AML, glasdegib in combination with low-dose cytarabine, inhibited increases in tumor size and reduced the percentage of CD45+/CD33+ blasts in the marrow to a greater extent than glasdegib or low-dose cytarabine alone.
The effect of glasdegib administration on corrected QT interval (QTc) was evaluated in a randomized, single-dose, double-blind, 4-way crossover, placebo- and open-label moxifloxacin-controlled study in 36 healthy subjects. At therapeutic plasma concentrations for the recommended dose, achieved with a single dose of 150 mg DAURISMO, the largest placebo and baseline-adjusted QTc interval change was 8 ms (90% CI: 6, 10 ms). At a two-fold therapeutic plasma concentration, achieved with a single dose of 300 mg DAURISMO, the QTc change was 13 ms (90% CI: 11, 16 ms). Glasdegib is associated with concentration-dependent QTc prolongation.
DAURISMO at 5 mg to 600 mg once daily (0.05 to 6 times the recommended dose) result in a dose proportional increase in glasdegib peak concentrations (Cmax) and area under the curve over the dosing interval (AUCtau). Steady-state plasma levels are reached by 8 days of daily dosing. The median accumulation ratio of glasdegib ranged from 1.2 to 2.5 following once-daily dosing.
At DAURISMO 100 mg once daily, the geometric mean (geometric coefficient of variation, % CV) of glasdegib Cmax was 1252 ng/mL (44%) and AUCtau was 17210 ng*hr/mL (54%) in patients with cancer.
The mean absolute bioavailability of DAURISMO is 77%. Following 100 mg once daily dosing, glasdegib median time to peak concentrations (Tmax) at steady-state ranged from 1.3 hours to 1.8 hours.
Glasdegib is 91% bound to human plasma proteins in vitro. The geometric mean (%CV) apparent volume of distribution (Vz/F) was 188 L (20%) in patients with hematologic malignancies.
Glasdegib has a mean (± SD) half-life of 17.4 h (3.7) and geometric mean (%CV) apparent clearance of 6.45 L/h (25%) following 100 mg once daily dosing in patients with hematologic malignancies.
Glasdegib is primarily metabolized by the CYP3A4 pathway, with minor contributions by CYP2C8 and UGT1A9. Glasdegib accounts for 69% of the total circulating drug related material in plasma.
Age (25 to 92 years), sex, race (White, Black, Asian), body weight (43.5 to 145.6 kg), mild hepatic impairment (total bilirubin ≤ ULN and AST > ULN, or total bilirubin 1–1.5 × ULN and any AST) or mild to moderate renal impairment (creatinine clearance [CLcr] 30–89 mL/min) did not have clinically meaningful effects on the pharmacokinetics of glasdegib. The effect of moderate (total bilirubin 1.5–3 × ULN and any AST) and severe (total bilirubin > 3 × ULN and any AST) hepatic impairment or severe renal impairment (CLcr 15–29 mL/min) on glasdegib pharmacokinetics is unknown.
Drug Interaction Studies
Effect of Strong CYP3A4 Inhibitors on Glasdegib:
Coadminstration of ketoconazole (a strong inhibitor of CYP3A4) with DAURISMO increased the glasdegib AUCinf by 2.4-fold and Cmax by 1.4-fold over glasdegib given alone [see Drug Interactions (7)].
Effect of Strong CYP3A4 Inducers on Glasdegib:
Coadminstration of rifampin (a strong inducer of CYP3A4) with DAURISMO decreased glasdegib AUCinf by 70% and Cmax by 35% [see Drug Interactions (7)].
In Vitro Studies
Effect of Glasdegib on Cytochrome P450 (CYP) Substrates:
Glasdegib does not inhibit CYP1A2, CYP2B6, CYP2C8, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, or CYP3A, and does not induce CYP1A2, CYP2B6, and CYP3A in vitro.
Effect of Transporters on Glasdegib:
Glasdegib is a substrate of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP).
Carcinogenicity studies have not been performed with glasdegib.
Glasdegib was not mutagenic in vitro in the bacterial reverse mutation (Ames) assay and was not clastogenic in the in vitro chromosome aberration assay in human lymphocytes. Glasdegib was not clastogenic or aneugenic in the rat micronucleus assay.
Based on nonclinical safety findings, glasdegib has the potential to impair reproductive function in males. Men should seek advice on effective fertility preservation before treatment. In repeat-dose toxicity studies in rats, findings observed in the male reproductive tract included adverse testicular changes with glasdegib at doses ≥50 mg/kg/day, and consisted of minimal to severe hypospermatogenesis characterized by partial to complete loss of spermatogonia, spermatocytes and spermatids and testicular degeneration. Hypospermatogenesis did not recover whereas testicular degeneration did recover. The dose at which testicular effects were observed in male rats was identified as 50 mg/kg/day with corresponding systemic exposures that were approximately 6.6-times (based on AUC) those associated with the observed human exposure at the 100 mg once daily dose.
The efficacy of DAURISMO in combination with low-dose cytarabine was evaluated in a multicenter, open-label, randomized study (Study BRIGHT AML 1003, NCT01546038) that included 115 patients age 55 years or older with newly-diagnosed AML who met at least one of the following criteria: a) age ≥ 75 years, b) severe cardiac disease, c) baseline Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 2, or d) baseline serum creatinine >1.3 mg/dL. Patients were randomized 2:1 to receive DAURISMO at a 100 mg daily dose with low-dose cytarabine 20 mg subcutaneously twice daily on days 1 to 10 of a 28-day cycle (N=77) or low-dose cytarabine alone (N=38) in 28-day cycles until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients were stratified by cytogenetic risk (good/intermediate or poor).
The baseline demographic and disease characteristics are shown in Table 5. The two treatment arms were generally balanced with respect to the baseline demographics and disease characteristics (see Table 5).
|Demographic and Disease Characteristics||DAURISMO With Low-Dose Cytarabine|
|Low-Dose Cytarabine Alone|
|Abbreviations: AML = acute myeloid leukemia; N = number of patients; ECOG PS = Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status.|
|Median (Min, Max) (Years)||77 (64, 92)||76 (58, 83)|
|≥ 75 years N (%)||47 (61)||23 (61)|
|Sex, N (%)|
|Male||59 (77)||23 (61)|
|Female||18 (23)||15 (39)|
|Race, N (%)|
|White||75 (97)||38 (100)|
|Black or African American||1 (1)||0 (0)|
|Asian||1 (1)||0 (0)|
|Disease History, N (%)|
|De Novo AML||38 (49)||18 (47)|
|Secondary AML||39 (51)||20 (53)|
|Prior Hypomethylating Agent Use||11 (14)||6 (16)|
|ECOG PS*, N (%)|
|0 to 1||35 (46)||20 (53)|
|2||41 (53)||18 (47)|
|Cytogenetic Risk Status, N (%)|
|Good/Intermediate||48 (62)||21 (55)|
|Poor||29 (38)||17 (45)|
|Baseline Severe Cardiac Disease||51 (66)||20 (53)|
|Baseline Serum Creatinine >1.3 mg/dL||15 (19)||5 (13)|
Efficacy was established on the basis of overall survival (OS) from the date of randomization to death from any cause. With a median follow-up of approximately 20 months, the DAURISMO with low-dose cytarabine arm was superior to low-dose cytarabine alone arm (Figure 1). The efficacy results are shown in Table 6. Improvement in OS was consistent across prespecified cytogenetic risk subgroups.
|Endpoint/Study Population||DAURISMO With Low-Dose Cytarabine||Low-Dose Cytarabine Alone|
|Abbreviations: AML = acute myeloid leukemia; N = number of patients; OS = overall survival; CI = confidence interval; CR = complete response.|
|Median survival, months (95% CI)||8.3 (4.4, 12.2)||4.3 (1.9, 5.7)|
|Hazard ratio (95% CI)*||0.46 (0.30, 0.71)|
|CR rate (in %, 95% CI)||18.2 (10.3, 28.6)||2.6 (0.1, 13.8)|
Figure 1. BRIGHT AML 1003 – Kaplan-Meier Plot of Overall Survival for Patients with AML
Abbreviations: CI = confidence interval; OS = overall survival; LDAC = low-dose cytarabine.
DAURISMO is supplied in the following strengths and package configurations:
|Package Configuration||Tablet Strength (mg)||NDC||Print(description)|
|30 count bottle||100 mg||0069-1531-30||100 mg strength: 11 mm round, pale orange film-coated tablet debossed with "Pfizer" on one side and "GLS 100" on the other|
|60 count bottle||25 mg||0069-0298-60||25 mg strength: 7 mm round, yellow film-coated tablet debossed with "Pfizer" on one side and "GLS 25" on the other|
Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Medication Guide).
Advise patients of the risks of DAURISMO treatment:
Females and Males of Reproductive Potential
QT Interval Prolongation
This product's label may have been updated. For current full prescribing information, please visit www.DAURISMO.com.
|This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.||Issued: November 2018|
|What is the most important information I should know about DAURISMO?|
DAURISMO can cause your baby to die before it is born (be stillborn) or cause your baby to have severe birth defects.
For females who can become pregnant:
If you think that you or your female partner may have been exposed to DAURISMO during pregnancy, talk to your healthcare provider right away. If you become pregnant during treatment with DAURISMO, you or your healthcare provider should report your pregnancy to Pfizer at 1-800-438-1985.
|What is DAURISMO?|
DAURISMO is a prescription medicine that is used with the medicine cytarabine to treat newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults who:
It is not known if DAURISMO is safe and effective in children.
|Before you take DAURISMO, tell your healthcare provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you:|
|How should I take DAURISMO?|
|What should I avoid while taking DAURISMO?|
|What are the possible side effects of DAURISMO?|
DAURISMO can cause serious side effects, including:
|DAURISMO may affect fertility in males. Talk to your healthcare provider if this is a concern for you. |
These are not all of the possible side effects of DAURISMO.
Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
|How should I store DAURISMO? |
|General information about the safe and effective use of DAURISMO.|
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use DAURISMO for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give DAURISMO to other people, even if they have the same symptoms that you have. It may harm them. You can ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for more information about DAURISMO that is written for health professionals.
|What are the ingredients in DAURISMO?|
Active ingredient: glasdegib
Inactive ingredients: microcrystalline cellulose, dibasic calcium phosphate anhydrous, sodium starch glycolate, and magnesium stearate.
25 mg tablets: Opadry II Yellow (33G120011) containing hypromellose, titanium dioxide, lactose monohydrate, macrogol, triacetin, and iron oxide yellow.
100 mg tablets: Opadry II Beige (33G170003) containing hypromellose, titanium dioxide, lactose monohydrate, macrogol, triacetin, iron oxide yellow, and iron oxide red.
For more information, go to www.DAURISMO.com or call 1-800-438-1985.