ABRILADA- adalimumab-afzb 
ABRILADA- adalimumab-afzb solution 
Pfizer Laboratories Div Pfizer Inc

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HIGHLIGHTS OF PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

These highlights do not include all the information needed to use ABRILADA safely and effectively. See full prescribing information for ABRILADA.

ABRILADA™ (adalimumab-afzb) injection, for subcutaneous use
Initial U.S. Approval: 2019

ABRILADA (adalimumab-afzb) is biosimilar* to HUMIRA (adalimumab).

WARNING: SERIOUS INFECTIONS and MALIGNANCY

See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.

SERIOUS INFECTIONS (5.1, 6.1):

  • Increased risk of serious infections leading to hospitalization or death, including tuberculosis (TB), bacterial sepsis, invasive fungal infections (such as histoplasmosis), and infections due to other opportunistic pathogens.
  • Discontinue ABRILADA if a patient develops a serious infection or sepsis during treatment.
  • Perform test for latent TB; if positive, start treatment for TB prior to starting ABRILADA.
  • Monitor all patients for active TB during treatment, even if initial latent TB test is negative.

MALIGNANCY (5.2):

  • Lymphoma and other malignancies, some fatal, have been reported in children and adolescent patients treated with TNF blockers including adalimumab products.
  • Post-marketing cases of hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTCL), a rare type of T-cell lymphoma, have occurred in adolescent and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease treated with TNF blockers including adalimumab products.

INDICATIONS AND USAGE

ABRILADA is a tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blocker indicated for treatment of:

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) (1.1): Reducing signs and symptoms, inducing major clinical response, inhibiting the progression of structural damage, and improving physical function in adult patients with moderately to severely active RA.
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) (1.2): Reducing signs and symptoms of moderately to severely active polyarticular JIA in patients 4 years of age and older.
  • Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) (1.3): Reducing signs and symptoms, inhibiting the progression of structural damage, and improving physical function in adult patients with active PsA.
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) (1.4): Reducing signs and symptoms in adult patients with active AS.
  • Adult Crohn's Disease (CD) (1.5): Reducing signs and symptoms and inducing and maintaining clinical remission in adult patients with moderately to severely active Crohn's disease who have had an inadequate response to conventional therapy. Reducing signs and symptoms and inducing clinical remission in these patients if they have also lost response to or are intolerant to infliximab products.
  • Ulcerative Colitis (UC) (1.6): Inducing and sustaining clinical remission in adult patients with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis who have had an inadequate response to immunosuppressants such as corticosteroids, azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP). The effectiveness of adalimumab products has not been established in patients who have lost response to or were intolerant to TNF blockers.
  • Plaque Psoriasis (Ps) (1.7): The treatment of adult patients with moderate to severe chronic plaque psoriasis who are candidates for systemic therapy or phototherapy, and when other systemic therapies are medically less appropriate.

DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

  • Administered by subcutaneous injection (2)

Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis, Ankylosing Spondylitis (2.1):

  • 40 mg every other week.
    • Some patients with RA not receiving methotrexate may benefit from increasing the frequency to 40 mg every week.

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (2.2):

  • 10 kg (22 lbs) to <15 kg (33 lbs): 10 mg every other week
  • 15 kg (33 lbs) to <30 kg (66 lbs): 20 mg every other week
  • ≥30 kg (66 lbs): 40 mg every other week

Adult Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis (2.3, 2.4):

  • Initial dose (Day 1): 160 mg (four 40 mg injections in one day or two 40 mg injections per day for two consecutive days)
  • Second dose two weeks later (Day 15): 80 mg
  • Two weeks later (Day 29): Begin a maintenance dose of 40 mg every other week.
  • For patients with Ulcerative Colitis only: Only continue ABRILADA in patients who have shown evidence of clinical remission by eight weeks (Day 57) of therapy.

Plaque Psoriasis (2.5):

  • 80 mg initial dose, followed by 40 mg every other week starting one week after initial dose.

DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

  • Injection: 40 mg/0.8 mL in a single-dose prefilled pen (ABRILADA pen) (3)
  • Injection: 40 mg/0.8 mL in a single-dose prefilled glass syringe (3)
  • Injection: 20 mg/0.4 mL in a single-dose prefilled glass syringe (3)
  • Injection: 10 mg/0.2 mL in a single-dose prefilled glass syringe (3)
  • Injection: 40 mg/0.8 mL in a single-dose glass vial for institutional use only (3)

CONTRAINDICATIONS

None. (4)

WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

  • Serious Infections: Do not start ABRILADA during an active infection. If an infection develops, monitor carefully, and stop ABRILADA if infection becomes serious. (5.1)
  • Invasive Fungal Infections: For patients who develop a systemic illness on ABRILADA, consider empiric antifungal therapy for those who reside or travel to regions where mycoses are endemic. (5.1)
  • Malignancies: Incidence of malignancies was greater in adalimumab-treated patients than in controls. (5.2)
  • Anaphylaxis or Serious Allergic Reactions may occur. (5.3)
  • Hepatitis B Virus Reactivation: Monitor hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers during and several months after therapy. If reactivation occurs, stop ABRILADA and begin anti-viral therapy. (5.4)
  • Demyelinating Disease: Exacerbation or new onset, may occur. (5.5)
  • Cytopenias, Pancytopenia: Advise patients to seek immediate medical attention if symptoms develop, and consider stopping ABRILADA. (5.6)
  • Heart Failure: Worsening or new onset, may occur. (5.8)
  • Lupus-Like Syndrome: Stop ABRILADA if syndrome develops. (5.9)

ADVERSE REACTIONS

Most common adverse reactions (incidence >10%): infections (e.g. upper respiratory, sinusitis), injection site reactions, headache, and rash. (6.1)


To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Pfizer Inc. at 1-800-438-1985 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

DRUG INTERACTIONS

  • Abatacept: Increased risk of serious infection (5.1, 5.11, 7.2)
  • Anakinra: Increased risk of serious infection (5.1, 5.7, 7.2)
  • Live vaccines: Avoid use with ABRILADA (5.10, 7.3)

See 17 for PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION and Medication Guide.


*
Biosimilar means that the biological product is approved based on data demonstrating that it is highly similar to an FDA-approved biological product, known as a reference product, and that there are no clinically meaningful differences between the biosimilar product and the reference product. Biosimilarity of ABRILADA has been demonstrated for the condition(s) of use (e.g., indication(s), dosing regimen(s)), strength(s), dosage form(s), and route(s) of administration described in its Full Prescribing Information.

Revised: 11/2019

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION: CONTENTS*

WARNING: SERIOUS INFECTIONS and MALIGNANCY

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

1.1 Rheumatoid Arthritis

1.2 Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

1.3 Psoriatic Arthritis

1.4 Ankylosing Spondylitis

1.5 Adult Crohn's Disease

1.6 Ulcerative Colitis

1.7 Plaque Psoriasis

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

2.1 Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis, and Ankylosing Spondylitis

2.2 Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

2.3 Adult Crohn's Disease

2.4 Ulcerative Colitis

2.5 Plaque Psoriasis

2.6 Monitoring to Assess Safety

2.7 General Considerations for Administration

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Serious Infections

5.2 Malignancies

5.3 Hypersensitivity Reactions

5.4 Hepatitis B Virus Reactivation

5.5 Neurologic Reactions

5.6 Hematological Reactions

5.7 Use with Anakinra

5.8 Heart Failure

5.9 Autoimmunity

5.10 Immunizations

5.11 Use with Abatacept

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

6.2 Postmarketing Experience

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

7.1 Methotrexate

7.2 Biological Products

7.3 Live Vaccines

7.4 Cytochrome P450 Substrates

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

8.2 Lactation

8.4 Pediatric Use

8.5 Geriatric Use

10 OVERDOSAGE

11 DESCRIPTION

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Rheumatoid Arthritis

14.2 Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

14.3 Psoriatic Arthritis

14.4 Ankylosing Spondylitis

14.5 Adult Crohn's Disease

14.6 Ulcerative Colitis

14.7 Plaque Psoriasis

15 REFERENCES

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

*
Sections or subsections omitted from the full prescribing information are not listed.

FULL PRESCRIBING INFORMATION

WARNING: SERIOUS INFECTIONS and MALIGNANCY

SERIOUS INFECTIONS

Patients treated with adalimumab products including ABRILADA are at increased risk for developing serious infections that may lead to hospitalization or death [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. Most patients who developed these infections were taking concomitant immunosuppressants such as methotrexate or corticosteroids.

Discontinue ABRILADA if a patient develops a serious infection or sepsis.

Reported infections include:

  • Active tuberculosis (TB), including reactivation of latent TB. Patients with TB have frequently presented with disseminated or extrapulmonary disease. Test patients for latent TB before ABRILADA use and during therapy. Initiate treatment for latent TB prior to ABRILADA use.
  • Invasive fungal infections, including histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, candidiasis, aspergillosis, blastomycosis, and pneumocystosis. Patients with histoplasmosis or other invasive fungal infections may present with disseminated, rather than localized, disease. Antigen and antibody testing for histoplasmosis may be negative in some patients with active infection. Consider empiric anti-fungal therapy in patients at risk for invasive fungal infections who develop severe systemic illness.
  • Bacterial, viral and other infections due to opportunistic pathogens, including Legionella and Listeria.

Carefully consider the risks and benefits of treatment with ABRILADA prior to initiating therapy in patients with chronic or recurrent infection.

Monitor patients closely for the development of signs and symptoms of infection during and after treatment with ABRILADA, including the possible development of TB in patients who tested negative for latent TB infection prior to initiating therapy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) and Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

MALIGNANCY

Lymphoma and other malignancies, some fatal, have been reported in children and adolescent patients treated with TNF blockers including adalimumab products [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. Post-marketing cases of hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTCL), a rare type of T-cell lymphoma, have been reported in patients treated with TNF blockers including adalimumab products. These cases have had a very aggressive disease course and have been fatal. The majority of reported TNF blocker cases have occurred in patients with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis and the majority were in adolescent and young adult males. Almost all these patients had received treatment with azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine (6–MP) concomitantly with a TNF blocker at or prior to diagnosis. It is uncertain whether the occurrence of HSTCL is related to use of a TNF blocker or a TNF blocker in combination with these other immunosuppressants [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

1.1 Rheumatoid Arthritis

ABRILADA is indicated for reducing signs and symptoms, inducing major clinical response, inhibiting the progression of structural damage, and improving physical function in adult patients with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis. ABRILADA can be used alone or in combination with methotrexate or other non-biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs).

1.2 Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

ABRILADA is indicated for reducing signs and symptoms of moderately to severely active polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis in patients 4 years of age and older. ABRILADA can be used alone or in combination with methotrexate.

1.3 Psoriatic Arthritis

ABRILADA is indicated for reducing signs and symptoms, inhibiting the progression of structural damage, and improving physical function in adult patients with active psoriatic arthritis. ABRILADA can be used alone or in combination with non-biologic DMARDs.

1.4 Ankylosing Spondylitis

ABRILADA is indicated for reducing signs and symptoms in adult patients with active ankylosing spondylitis.

1.5 Adult Crohn's Disease

ABRILADA is indicated for reducing signs and symptoms and inducing and maintaining clinical remission in adult patients with moderately to severely active Crohn's disease who have had an inadequate response to conventional therapy. ABRILADA is indicated for reducing signs and symptoms and inducing clinical remission in these patients if they have also lost response to or are intolerant to infliximab products.

1.6 Ulcerative Colitis

ABRILADA is indicated for inducing and sustaining clinical remission in adult patients with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis who have had an inadequate response to immunosuppressants such as corticosteroids, azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP). The effectiveness of adalimumab products has not been established in patients who have lost response to or were intolerant to TNF blockers [see Clinical Studies (14.6)].

1.7 Plaque Psoriasis

ABRILADA is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with moderate to severe chronic plaque psoriasis who are candidates for systemic therapy or phototherapy, and when other systemic therapies are medically less appropriate. ABRILADA should only be administered to patients who will be closely monitored and have regular follow-up visits with a physician [see Boxed Warning and Warnings and Precautions (5)].

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

ABRILADA is administered by subcutaneous injection.

2.1 Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis, and Ankylosing Spondylitis

The recommended dose of ABRILADA for adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), or ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is 40 mg administered every other week. Methotrexate (MTX), other non-biologic DMARDS, glucocorticoids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and/or analgesics may be continued during treatment with ABRILADA. In the treatment of RA, some patients not taking concomitant MTX may derive additional benefit from increasing the dosing frequency of ABRILADA to 40 mg every week.

2.2 Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

The recommended dose of ABRILADA for patients 4 years of age and older with polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is based on weight as shown below. MTX, glucocorticoids, NSAIDs, and/or analgesics may be continued during treatment with ABRILADA.

Patients
(4 years of age and older)
Dose
10 kg (22 lbs) to <15 kg (33 lbs)10 mg every other week
(10 mg prefilled syringe)
15 kg (33 lbs) to <30 kg (66 lbs)20 mg every other week
(20 mg prefilled syringe)
≥30 kg (66 lbs)40 mg every other week
(ABRILADA pen or 40 mg prefilled syringe)

Adalimumab products have not been studied in patients with polyarticular JIA less than 2 years of age or in patients with a weight below 10 kg.

2.3 Adult Crohn's Disease

The recommended ABRILADA dose regimen for adult patients with Crohn's disease (CD) is 160 mg initially on Day 1 (given as four 40 mg injections in one day or as two 40 mg injections per day for two consecutive days), followed by 80 mg two weeks later (Day 15). Two weeks later (Day 29) begin a maintenance dose of 40 mg every other week. Aminosalicylates and/or corticosteroids may be continued during treatment with ABRILADA. Azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] or MTX may be continued during treatment with ABRILADA if necessary. The use of adalimumab products in CD beyond one year has not been evaluated in controlled clinical studies.

2.4 Ulcerative Colitis

The recommended ABRILADA dose regimen for adult patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) is 160 mg initially on Day 1 (given as four 40 mg injections in one day or as two 40 mg injections per day for two consecutive days), followed by 80 mg two weeks later (Day 15). Two weeks later (Day 29) continue with a dose of 40 mg every other week.

Only continue ABRILADA in patients who have shown evidence of clinical remission by eight weeks (Day 57) of therapy. Aminosalicylates and/or corticosteroids may be continued during treatment with ABRILADA. Azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] may be continued during treatment with ABRILADA if necessary.

2.5 Plaque Psoriasis

The recommended dose of ABRILADA for adult patients with plaque psoriasis (Ps) is an initial dose of 80 mg, followed by 40 mg given every other week starting one week after the initial dose. The use of adalimumab products in moderate to severe chronic Ps beyond one year has not been evaluated in controlled clinical studies.

2.6 Monitoring to Assess Safety

Prior to initiating ABRILADA and periodically during therapy, evaluate patients for active tuberculosis and test for latent infection [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

2.7 General Considerations for Administration

ABRILADA is intended for use under the guidance and supervision of a physician. A patient may self-inject ABRILADA or a caregiver may inject ABRILADA using either the ABRILADA pen or prefilled syringe if a physician determines that it is appropriate, and with medical follow-up, as necessary, after proper training in subcutaneous injection technique.

You may leave ABRILADA at room temperature for about 15 to 30 minutes before injecting. Do not remove the cap or cover while allowing it to reach room temperature. Carefully inspect the solution in the ABRILADA pen, prefilled syringe, or single-dose institutional use vial for particulate matter and discoloration prior to subcutaneous administration. If particulates or discolorations are noted, do not use the product. ABRILADA does not contain preservatives; therefore, discard unused portions of drug remaining from the syringe [see How Supplied/Storage and Handling (16) for specific information].

Instruct patients using the ABRILADA pen or prefilled syringe to inject the full amount in the syringe, according to the directions provided in the Instructions for Use [see Instructions for Use].

Injections should occur at separate sites in the thigh or abdomen. Rotate injection sites and do not give injections into areas where the skin is tender, bruised, red or hard.

The ABRILADA single-dose institutional use vial is for administration within an institutional setting only, such as a hospital, physician's office or clinic. Withdraw the dose using a sterile needle and syringe and administer promptly by a healthcare provider within an institutional setting. Only administer one dose per vial. The vial does not contain preservatives; therefore, discard unused portions.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

ABRILADA is a clear and colorless to very light brown solution available as:

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

None.

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

5.1 Serious Infections

Patients treated with adalimumab products, including ABRILADA, are at increased risk for developing serious infections involving various organ systems and sites that may lead to hospitalization or death [see Boxed Warning]. Opportunistic infections due to bacterial, mycobacterial, invasive fungal, viral, parasitic, or other opportunistic pathogens including aspergillosis, blastomycosis, candidiasis, coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, legionellosis, listeriosis, pneumocystosis, and tuberculosis have been reported with TNF blockers. Patients have frequently presented with disseminated rather than localized disease.

The concomitant use of a TNF blocker and abatacept or anakinra was associated with a higher risk of serious infections in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA); therefore, the concomitant use of ABRILADA and these biologic products is not recommended in the treatment of patients with RA [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7, 5.11) and Drug Interactions (7.2)].

Treatment with ABRILADA should not be initiated in patients with an active infection, including localized infections. Patients greater than 65 years of age, patients with co-morbid conditions and/or patients taking concomitant immunosuppressants (such as corticosteroids or methotrexate), may be at greater risk of infection. Consider the risks and benefits of treatment prior to initiating therapy in patients:

  • with chronic or recurrent infection;
  • who have been exposed to tuberculosis;
  • with a history of an opportunistic infection;
  • who have resided or traveled in areas of endemic tuberculosis or endemic mycoses, such as histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, or blastomycosis; or
  • with underlying conditions that may predispose them to infection.

Tuberculosis

Cases of reactivation of tuberculosis and new onset tuberculosis infections have been reported in patients receiving adalimumab products, including patients who have previously received treatment for latent or active tuberculosis. Reports included cases of pulmonary and extrapulmonary (i.e., disseminated) tuberculosis. Evaluate patients for tuberculosis risk factors and test for latent infection prior to initiating ABRILADA and periodically during therapy.

Treatment of latent tuberculosis infection prior to therapy with TNF blocking agents has been shown to reduce the risk of tuberculosis reactivation during therapy. Prior to initiating ABRILADA, assess if treatment for latent tuberculosis is needed; and consider an induration of ≥5 mm a positive tuberculin skin test result, even for patients previously vaccinated with Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG).

Consider anti-tuberculosis therapy prior to initiation of ABRILADA in patients with a past history of latent or active tuberculosis in whom an adequate course of treatment cannot be confirmed, and for patients with a negative test for latent tuberculosis but having risk factors for tuberculosis infection. Despite prophylactic treatment for tuberculosis, cases of reactivated tuberculosis have occurred in patients treated with adalimumab products. Consultation with a physician with expertise in the treatment of tuberculosis is recommended to aid in the decision whether initiating anti-tuberculosis therapy is appropriate for an individual patient.

Strongly consider tuberculosis in the differential diagnosis in patients who develop a new infection during ABRILADA treatment, especially in patients who have previously or recently traveled to countries with a high prevalence of tuberculosis, or who have had close contact with a person with active tuberculosis.

Monitoring

Closely monitor patients for the development of signs and symptoms of infection during and after treatment with ABRILADA, including the development of tuberculosis in patients who tested negative for latent tuberculosis infection prior to initiating therapy. Tests for latent tuberculosis infection may also be falsely negative while on therapy with ABRILADA.

Discontinue ABRILADA if a patient develops a serious infection or sepsis. For a patient who develops a new infection during treatment with ABRILADA, closely monitor them, perform a prompt and complete diagnostic workup appropriate for an immunocompromised patient, and initiate appropriate antimicrobial therapy.

Invasive Fungal Infections

If patients develop a serious systemic illness and they reside or travel in regions where mycoses are endemic, consider invasive fungal infection in the differential diagnosis. Antigen and antibody testing for histoplasmosis may be negative in some patients with active infection. Consider appropriate empiric antifungal therapy, taking into account both the risk for severe fungal infection and the risks of antifungal therapy, while a diagnostic workup is being performed. To aid in the management of such patients, consider consultation with a physician with expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of invasive fungal infections.

5.2 Malignancies

Consider the risks and benefits of TNF-blocker treatment including ABRILADA prior to initiating therapy in patients with a known malignancy other than a successfully treated non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) or when considering continuing a TNF blocker in patients who develop a malignancy.

Malignancies in Adults

In the controlled portions of clinical trials of some TNF-blockers, including adalimumab products, more cases of malignancies have been observed among TNF-blocker-treated adult patients compared to control-treated adult patients. During the controlled portions of 39 global adalimumab clinical trials in adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC), plaque psoriasis (Ps), and other indications, malignancies, other than non-melanoma (basal cell and squamous cell) skin cancer, were observed at a rate (95% confidence interval) of 0.7 (0.48, 1.03) per 100 patient-years among 7973 adalimumab-treated patients versus a rate of 0.7 (0.41, 1.17) per 100 patient-years among 4848 control-treated patients (median duration of treatment of 4 months for adalimumab-treated patients and 4 months for control-treated patients). In 52 global controlled and uncontrolled clinical trials of adalimumab in adult patients with RA, PsA, AS, CD, UC, Ps, and other indications, the most frequently observed malignancies, other than lymphoma and NMSC, were breast, colon, prostate, lung, and melanoma. The malignancies in adalimumab-treated patients in the controlled and uncontrolled portions of the studies were similar in type and number to what would be expected in the general U.S. population according to the SEER database (adjusted for age, gender, and race).1

In controlled trials of other TNF blockers in adult patients at higher risk for malignancies (i.e., patients with COPD with a significant smoking history and cyclophosphamide-treated patients with Wegener's granulomatosis), a greater portion of malignancies occurred in the TNF blocker group compared to the control group.

Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer

During the controlled portions of 39 global adalimumab clinical trials in adult patients with RA, PsA, AS, CD, UC, Ps, and other indications, the rate (95% confidence interval) of NMSC was 0.8 (0.52, 1.09) per 100 patient-years among adalimumab-treated patients and 0.2 (0.10, 0.59) per 100 patient-years among control-treated patients. Examine all patients, and in particular patients with a medical history of prior prolonged immunosuppressant therapy or psoriasis patients with a history of PUVA treatment for the presence of NMSC prior to and during treatment with ABRILADA.

Lymphoma and Leukemia

In the controlled portions of clinical trials of all the TNF-blockers in adults, more cases of lymphoma have been observed among TNF-blocker-treated patients compared to control-treated patients. In the controlled portions of 39 global adalimumab clinical trials in adult patients with RA, PsA, AS, CD, UC, Ps, and other indications, 2 lymphomas occurred among 7973 adalimumab-treated patients versus 1 among 4848 control-treated patients. In 52 global controlled and uncontrolled clinical trials of adalimumab in adult patients with RA, PsA, AS, CD, UC, Ps, and other indications with a median duration of approximately 0.7 years, including 24,605 patients and over 40,215 patient-years of adalimumab, the observed rate of lymphomas was approximately 0.11 per 100 patient-years. This is approximately three-fold higher than expected in the general U.S. population according to the SEER database (adjusted for age, gender, and race).1 Rates of lymphoma in clinical trials of adalimumab cannot be compared to rates of lymphoma in clinical trials of other TNF blockers and may not predict the rates observed in a broader patient population. Patients with RA and other chronic inflammatory diseases, particularly those with highly active disease and/or chronic exposure to immunosuppressant therapies, may be at a higher risk (up to several fold) than the general population for the development of lymphoma, even in the absence of TNF blockers. Post-marketing cases of acute and chronic leukemia have been reported in association with TNF-blocker use in RA and other indications. Even in the absence of TNF-blocker therapy, patients with RA may be at a higher risk (approximately two-fold) than the general population for the development of leukemia.

Malignancies in Pediatric Patients and Young Adults

Malignancies, some fatal, have been reported among children, adolescents, and young adults who received treatment with TNF-blockers (initiation of therapy ≤18 years of age), of which ABRILADA is a member [see Boxed Warning]. Approximately half the cases were lymphomas, including Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The other cases represented a variety of different malignancies and included rare malignancies usually associated with immunosuppression and malignancies that are not usually observed in children and adolescents. The malignancies occurred after a median of 30 months of therapy (range 1 to 84 months). Most of the patients were receiving concomitant immunosuppressants. These cases were reported post-marketing and are derived from a variety of sources including registries and spontaneous postmarketing reports.

Postmarketing cases of hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTCL), a rare type of T-cell lymphoma, have been reported in patients treated with TNF blockers including adalimumab products [see Boxed Warning]. These cases have had a very aggressive disease course and have been fatal. The majority of reported TNF blocker cases have occurred in patients with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis and the majority were in adolescent and young adult males. Almost all of these patients had received treatment with the immunosuppressants azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine (6–MP) concomitantly with a TNF blocker at or prior to diagnosis. It is uncertain whether the occurrence of HSTCL is related to use of a TNF blocker or a TNF blocker in combination with these other immunosuppressants. The potential risk with the combination of azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine and ABRILADA should be carefully considered.

5.3 Hypersensitivity Reactions

Anaphylaxis and angioneurotic edema have been reported following administration of adalimumab products. If an anaphylactic or other serious allergic reaction occurs, immediately discontinue administration of ABRILADA and institute appropriate therapy. In clinical trials of adalimumab in adults, allergic reactions (e.g., allergic rash, anaphylactoid reaction, fixed drug reaction, non-specified drug reaction, urticaria) have been observed.

5.4 Hepatitis B Virus Reactivation

Use of TNF blockers, including ABRILADA, may increase the risk of reactivation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in patients who are chronic carriers of this virus. In some instances, HBV reactivation occurring in conjunction with TNF blocker therapy has been fatal. The majority of these reports have occurred in patients concomitantly receiving other medications that suppress the immune system, which may also contribute to HBV reactivation. Evaluate patients at risk for HBV infection for prior evidence of HBV infection before initiating TNF blocker therapy. Exercise caution in prescribing TNF blockers for patients identified as carriers of HBV. Adequate data are not available on the safety or efficacy of treating patients who are carriers of HBV with anti-viral therapy in conjunction with TNF blocker therapy to prevent HBV reactivation. For patients who are carriers of HBV and require treatment with TNF blockers, closely monitor such patients for clinical and laboratory signs of active HBV infection throughout therapy and for several months following termination of therapy. In patients who develop HBV reactivation, stop ABRILADA and initiate effective anti-viral therapy with appropriate supportive treatment. The safety of resuming TNF blocker therapy after HBV reactivation is controlled is not known. Therefore, exercise caution when considering resumption of ABRILADA therapy in this situation and monitor patients closely.

5.5 Neurologic Reactions

Use of TNF blocking agents, including adalimumab products, has been associated with rare cases of new onset or exacerbation of clinical symptoms and/or radiographic evidence of central nervous system demyelinating disease, including multiple sclerosis (MS) and optic neuritis, and peripheral demyelinating disease, including Guillain-Barré syndrome. Exercise caution in considering the use of ABRILADA in patients with preexisting or recent-onset central or peripheral nervous system demyelinating disorders; discontinuation of ABRILADA should be considered if any of these disorders develop.

5.6 Hematological Reactions

Rare reports of pancytopenia including aplastic anemia have been reported with TNF blocking agents. Adverse reactions of the hematologic system, including medically significant cytopenia (e.g., thrombocytopenia, leukopenia) have been infrequently reported with adalimumab products. The causal relationship of these reports to adalimumab products remains unclear. Advise all patients to seek immediate medical attention if they develop signs and symptoms suggestive of blood dyscrasias or infection (e.g., persistent fever, bruising, bleeding, pallor) while on ABRILADA. Consider discontinuation of ABRILADA therapy in patients with confirmed significant hematologic abnormalities.

5.7 Use with Anakinra

Concurrent use of anakinra (an interleukin-1 antagonist) and another TNF-blocker, was associated with a greater proportion of serious infections and neutropenia and no added benefit compared with the TNF-blocker alone in patients with RA. Therefore, the combination of ABRILADA and anakinra is not recommended [see Drug Interactions (7.2)].

5.8 Heart Failure

Cases of worsening congestive heart failure (CHF) and new onset CHF have been reported with TNF blockers. Cases of worsening CHF have also been observed with adalimumab products. Adalimumab products have not been formally studied in patients with CHF; however, in clinical trials of another TNF blocker, a higher rate of serious CHF-related adverse reactions was observed. Exercise caution when using ABRILADA in patients who have heart failure and monitor them carefully.

5.9 Autoimmunity

Treatment with adalimumab products may result in the formation of autoantibodies and, rarely, in the development of a lupus-like syndrome. If a patient develops symptoms suggestive of a lupus-like syndrome following treatment with ABRILADA, discontinue treatment [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

5.10 Immunizations

In a placebo-controlled clinical trial of patients with RA, no difference was detected in anti-pneumococcal antibody response between adalimumab and placebo treatment groups when the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine and influenza vaccine were administered concurrently with adalimumab. Similar proportions of patients developed protective levels of anti-influenza antibodies between adalimumab and placebo treatment groups; however, titers in aggregate to influenza antigens were moderately lower in patients receiving adalimumab. The clinical significance of this is unknown. Patients on ABRILADA may receive concurrent vaccinations, except for live vaccines. No data are available on the secondary transmission of infection by live vaccines in patients receiving adalimumab products.

It is recommended that pediatric patients, if possible, be brought up to date with all immunizations in agreement with current immunization guidelines prior to initiating ABRILADA therapy. Patients on ABRILADA may receive concurrent vaccinations, except for live vaccines.

The safety of administering live or live-attenuated vaccines in infants exposed to adalimumab products in utero is unknown. Risks and benefits should be considered prior to vaccinating (live or live-attenuated) exposed infants [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.4)].

5.11 Use with Abatacept

In controlled trials, the concurrent administration of TNF-blockers and abatacept was associated with a greater proportion of serious infections than the use of a TNF-blocker alone; the combination therapy, compared to the use of a TNF-blocker alone, has not demonstrated improved clinical benefit in the treatment of RA. Therefore, the combination of abatacept with TNF-blockers including ABRILADA is not recommended [see Drug Interactions (7.2)].

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

The most serious adverse reactions described elsewhere in the labeling include the following:

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The most common adverse reaction with adalimumab was injection site reactions. In placebo-controlled trials, 20% of patients treated with adalimumab developed injection site reactions (erythema and/or itching, hemorrhage, pain or swelling), compared to 14% of patients receiving placebo. Most injection site reactions were described as mild and generally did not necessitate drug discontinuation.

The proportion of patients who discontinued treatment due to adverse reactions during the double-blind, placebo-controlled portion of studies in patients with RA (i.e., Studies RA-I, RA-II, RA-III and RA-IV) was 7% for patients taking adalimumab and 4% for placebo-treated patients. The most common adverse reactions leading to discontinuation of adalimumab in these RA studies were clinical flare reaction (0.7%), rash (0.3%) and pneumonia (0.3%).

Infections

In the controlled portions of the 39 global adalimumab clinical trials in adult patients with RA, PsA, AS, CD, UC, Ps, and other indications, the rate of serious infections was 4.3 per 100 patient-years in 7973 adalimumab-treated patients versus a rate of 2.9 per 100 patient-years in 4848 control-treated patients. Serious infections observed included pneumonia, septic arthritis, prosthetic and post-surgical infections, erysipelas, cellulitis, diverticulitis, and pyelonephritis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Tuberculosis and Opportunistic Infections

In 52 global controlled and uncontrolled clinical trials in RA, PsA, AS, CD, UC, Ps, and other indications that included 24,605 adalimumab-treated patients, the rate of reported active tuberculosis was 0.20 per 100 patient-years and the rate of positive PPD conversion was 0.09 per 100 patient-years. In a subgroup of 10,113 U.S. and Canadian adalimumab-treated patients, the rate of reported active TB was 0.05 per 100 patient-years and the rate of positive PPD conversion was 0.07 per 100 patient-years. These trials included reports of miliary, lymphatic, peritoneal, and pulmonary TB. Most of the TB cases occurred within the first eight months after initiation of therapy and may reflect recrudescence of latent disease. In these global clinical trials, cases of serious opportunistic infections have been reported at an overall rate of 0.05 per 100 patient-years. Some cases of serious opportunistic infections and TB have been fatal [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Autoantibodies

In the rheumatoid arthritis controlled trials, 12% of patients treated with adalimumab and 7% of placebo-treated patients that had negative baseline ANA titers developed positive titers at Week 24. Two patients out of 3046 treated with adalimumab developed clinical signs suggestive of new-onset lupus-like syndrome. The patients improved following discontinuation of therapy. No patients developed lupus nephritis or central nervous system symptoms. The impact of long-term treatment with adalimumab products on the development of autoimmune diseases is unknown.

Liver Enzyme Elevations

There have been reports of severe hepatic reactions including acute liver failure in patients receiving TNF-blockers. In controlled Phase 3 trials of adalimumab (40 mg SC every other week) in patients with RA, PsA, and AS with control period duration ranging from 4 to 104 weeks, ALT elevations ≥3 × ULN occurred in 3.5% of adalimumab-treated patients and 1.5% of control-treated patients. Since many of these patients in these trials were also taking medications that cause liver enzyme elevations (e.g., NSAIDS, MTX), the relationship between adalimumab and the liver enzyme elevations is not clear. In a controlled Phase 3 trial of adalimumab in patients with polyarticular JIA who were 4 to 17 years, ALT elevations ≥3 × ULN occurred in 4.4% of adalimumab-treated patients and 1.5% of control-treated patients (ALT more common than AST); liver enzyme test elevations were more frequent among those treated with the combination of adalimumab and MTX than those treated with adalimumab alone. In general, these elevations did not lead to discontinuation of adalimumab treatment.

In controlled Phase 3 trials of adalimumab (initial doses of 160 mg and 80 mg, or 80 mg and 40 mg on Days 1 and 15, respectively, followed by 40 mg every other week) in adult patients with CD with a control period duration ranging from 4 to 52 weeks, ALT elevations ≥3 × ULN occurred in 0.9% of adalimumab-treated patients and 0.9% of control-treated patients. In controlled Phase 3 trials of adalimumab (initial doses of 160 mg and 80 mg on Days 1 and 15 respectively, followed by 40 mg every other week) in patients with UC with control period duration ranging from 1 to 52 weeks, ALT elevations ≥3 × ULN occurred in 1.5% of adalimumab-treated patients and 1.0% of control-treated patients. In controlled Phase 3 trials of adalimumab (initial dose of 80 mg then 40 mg every other week) in patients with Ps with control period duration ranging from 12 to 24 weeks, ALT elevations ≥3 × ULN occurred in 1.8% of adalimumab-treated patients and 1.8% of control-treated patients.

Immunogenicity

As with all therapeutic proteins, there is potential for immunogenicity. The detection of antibody formation is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Additionally, the observed incidence of antibody (including neutralizing antibody) positivity in an assay may be influenced by several factors, including assay methodology, sample handling, timing of sample collection, concomitant medications, and underlying disease. For these reasons, comparison of the incidence of antibodies in the studies described below with the incidence of antibodies in other studies or to other adalimumab products may be misleading.

Patients in Studies RA-I, RA-II, and RA-III were tested at multiple time points for antibodies to adalimumab during the 6-to 12-month period. Approximately 5% (58 of 1062) of adult RA patients receiving adalimumab developed low-titer antibodies to adalimumab at least once during treatment, which were neutralizing in vitro. Patients treated with concomitant methotrexate (MTX) had a lower rate of antibody development than patients on adalimumab monotherapy (1% versus 12%). No apparent correlation of antibody development to adverse reactions was observed. With monotherapy, patients receiving every other week dosing may develop antibodies more frequently than those receiving weekly dosing. In patients receiving the recommended dosage of 40 mg every other week as monotherapy, the ACR 20 response was lower among antibody-positive patients than among antibody-negative patients. The long-term immunogenicity of adalimumab is unknown.

In patients with polyarticular JIA who were 4 to 17 years of age, adalimumab antibodies were identified in 16% of adalimumab-treated patients. In patients receiving concomitant MTX, the incidence was 6% compared to 26% with adalimumab monotherapy.

In patients with AS, the rate of development of antibodies to adalimumab in adalimumab-treated patients was comparable to patients with RA.

In patients with PsA, the rate of antibody development in patients receiving adalimumab monotherapy was comparable to patients with RA; however, in patients receiving concomitant MTX the rate was 7% compared to 1% in RA.

In adult patients with CD, the rate of antibody development was 3%.

In patients with moderately to severely active UC, the rate of antibody development in patients receiving adalimumab was 5%. However, due to the limitation of the assay conditions, antibodies to adalimumab could be detected only when serum adalimumab levels were <2 mcg/mL. Among the patients whose serum adalimumab levels were <2 mcg/mL (approximately 25% of total patients studied), the immunogenicity rate was 20.7%.

In patients with Ps, the rate of antibody development with adalimumab monotherapy was 8%. However, due to the limitation of the assay conditions, antibodies to adalimumab could be detected only when serum adalimumab levels were <2 mcg/mL. Among the patients whose serum adalimumab levels were <2 mcg/mL (approximately 40% of total patients studied), the immunogenicity rate was 20.7%. In Ps patients who were on adalimumab monotherapy and subsequently withdrawn from the treatment, the rate of antibodies to adalimumab after retreatment was similar to the rate observed prior to withdrawal.

Other Adverse Reactions

Rheumatoid Arthritis Clinical Studies

The data described below reflect exposure to adalimumab in 2468 patients, including 2073 exposed for 6 months, 1497 exposed for greater than one year and 1380 in adequate and well-controlled studies (Studies RA-I, RA-II, RA-III, and RA-IV). Adalimumab was studied primarily in placebo-controlled trials and in long-term follow up studies for up to 36 months duration. The population had a mean age of 54 years, 77% were female, 91% were Caucasian and had moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis. Most patients received 40 mg adalimumab every other week.

Table 1 summarizes reactions reported at a rate of at least 5% in patients treated with adalimumab 40 mg every other week compared to placebo and with an incidence higher than placebo. In Study RA-III, the types and frequencies of adverse reactions in the second year open-label extension were similar to those observed in the one-year double-blind portion.

Table 1. Adverse Reactions Reported by ≥5% of Patients Treated with Adalimumab During Placebo-Controlled Period of Pooled RA Studies (Studies RA-I, RA-II, RA-III, and RA-IV)
Adverse Reaction (Preferred Term)Adalimumab 40 mg Subcutaneous Every Other Week
(N=705)
Placebo
(N=690)
*
Laboratory test abnormalities were reported as adverse reactions in European trials.
Does not include injection site erythema, itching, hemorrhage, pain, or swelling.
Respiratory
  Upper respiratory infection17%13%
  Sinusitis11%9%
  Flu syndrome7%6%
Gastrointestinal
  Nausea9%8%
  Abdominal pain7%4%
Laboratory Tests*
  Laboratory test abnormal8%7%
  Hypercholesterolemia6%4%
  Hyperlipidemia7%5%
  Hematuria5%4%
  Alkaline phosphatase increased5%3%
Other
  Headache12%8%
  Rash12%6%
  Accidental injury10%8%
  Injection site reaction8%1%
  Back pain6%4%
  Urinary tract infection8%5%
  Hypertension5%3%

Less Common Adverse Reactions in Rheumatoid Arthritis Clinical Studies

Other infrequent serious adverse reactions that do not appear in the Warnings and Precautions or Adverse Reaction sections that occurred at an incidence of less than 5% in adalimumab-treated patients in RA studies were:

  • Body as a Whole: Pain in extremity, pelvic pain, surgery, thorax pain
  • Cardiovascular System: Arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, chest pain, coronary artery disorder, heart arrest, hypertensive encephalopathy, myocardial infarct, palpitation, pericardial effusion, pericarditis, syncope, tachycardia
  • Digestive System: Cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, esophagitis, gastroenteritis, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, hepatic necrosis, vomiting
  • Endocrine System: Parathyroid disorder
  • Hemic and Lymphatic System: Agranulocytosis, polycythemia
  • Metabolic and Nutritional Disorders: Dehydration, healing abnormal, ketosis, paraproteinemia, peripheral edema
  • Musculo-Skeletal System: Arthritis, bone disorder, bone fracture (not spontaneous), bone necrosis, joint disorder, muscle cramps, myasthenia, pyogenic arthritis, synovitis, tendon disorder
  • Neoplasia: Adenoma
  • Nervous System: Confusion, paresthesia, subdural hematoma, tremor
  • Respiratory System: Asthma, bronchospasm, dyspnea, lung function decreased, pleural effusion
  • Special Senses: Cataract
  • Thrombosis: Thrombosis leg
  • Urogenital System: Cystitis, kidney calculus, menstrual disorder

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Clinical Studies

In general, the adverse reactions in the adalimumab-treated patients in the polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) trial (Study JIA-I) were similar in frequency and type to those seen in adult patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5), Adverse Reactions (6)]. Important findings and differences from adults are discussed in the following paragraphs.

In Study JIA-I, adalimumab was studied in 171 patients who were 4 to 17 years of age, with polyarticular JIA. Severe adverse reactions reported in the study included neutropenia, streptococcal pharyngitis, increased aminotransferases, herpes zoster, myositis, metrorrhagia, and appendicitis. Serious infections were observed in 4% of patients within approximately 2 years of initiation of treatment with adalimumab and included cases of herpes simplex, pneumonia, urinary tract infection, pharyngitis, and herpes zoster.

In Study JIA-I, 45% of patients experienced an infection while receiving adalimumab with or without concomitant MTX in the first 16 weeks of treatment. The types of infections reported in adalimumab-treated patients were generally similar to those commonly seen in polyarticular JIA patients who are not treated with TNF blockers. Upon initiation of treatment, the most common adverse reactions occurring in this patient population treated with adalimumab were injection site pain and injection site reaction (19% and 16%, respectively). A less commonly reported adverse event in patients receiving adalimumab was granuloma annulare which did not lead to discontinuation of adalimumab treatment.

In the first 48 weeks of treatment in Study JIA-I, non-serious hypersensitivity reactions were seen in approximately 6% of patients and included primarily localized allergic hypersensitivity reactions and allergic rash.

In Study JIA-I, 10% of patients treated with adalimumab who had negative baseline anti-dsDNA antibodies developed positive titers after 48 weeks of treatment. No patient developed clinical signs of autoimmunity during the clinical trial.

Approximately 15% of patients treated with adalimumab developed mild-to-moderate elevations of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) in Study JIA-I. Elevations exceeding 5 times the upper limit of normal were observed in several patients. CPK levels decreased or returned to normal in all patients. Most patients were able to continue adalimumab without interruption.

Psoriatic Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis Clinical Studies

Adalimumab has been studied in 395 patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in two placebo-controlled trials and in an open label study and in 393 patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in two placebo-controlled studies. The safety profile for patients with PsA and AS treated with adalimumab 40 mg every other week was similar to the safety profile seen in patients with RA, adalimumab Studies RA-I through IV.

Adult Crohn's Disease Clinical Studies

Adalimumab has been studied in 1478 adult patients with Crohn's disease (CD) in four placebo-controlled and two open-label extension studies. The safety profile for adult patients with CD treated with adalimumab was similar to the safety profile seen in patients with RA.

Ulcerative Colitis Clinical Studies

Adalimumab has been studied in 1010 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) in two placebo-controlled studies and one open-label extension study. The safety profile for patients with UC treated with adalimumab was similar to the safety profile seen in patients with RA.

Plaque Psoriasis Clinical Studies

Adalimumab has been studied in 1696 subjects with plaque psoriasis (Ps) in placebo-controlled and open-label extension studies. The safety profile for subjects with Ps treated with adalimumab was similar to the safety profile seen in subjects with RA with the following exceptions. In the placebo-controlled portions of the clinical trials in Ps subjects, adalimumab-treated subjects had a higher incidence of arthralgia when compared to controls (3% vs. 1%).

6.2 Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of adalimumab products. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to adalimumab products exposure.

  • Gastrointestinal disorders: Diverticulitis, large bowel perforations including perforations associated with diverticulitis and appendiceal perforations associated with appendicitis, pancreatitis
  • General disorders and administration site conditions: Pyrexia
  • Hepato-biliary disorders: Liver failure, hepatitis
  • Immune system disorders: Sarcoidosis
  • Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (including cysts and polyps): Merkel Cell Carcinoma (neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin)
  • Nervous system disorders: Demyelinating disorders (e.g., optic neuritis, Guillain-Barré syndrome), cerebrovascular accident
  • Respiratory disorders: Interstitial lung disease, including pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary embolism
  • Skin reactions: Stevens Johnson Syndrome, cutaneous vasculitis, erythema multiforme, new or worsening psoriasis (all sub-types including pustular and palmoplantar), alopecia, lichenoid skin reaction
  • Vascular disorders: Systemic vasculitis, deep vein thrombosis

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

7.1 Methotrexate

Adalimumab products have been studied in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients taking concomitant methotrexate (MTX). Although MTX reduced the apparent clearance of adalimumab products, the data do not suggest the need for dose adjustment of either ABRILADA or MTX [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

7.2 Biological Products

In clinical studies in patients with RA, an increased risk of serious infections has been seen with the combination of TNF blockers with anakinra or abatacept, with no added benefit; therefore, use of ABRILADA with abatacept or anakinra is not recommended in patients with RA [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7, 5.11)]. A higher rate of serious infections has also been observed in patients with RA treated with rituximab who received subsequent treatment with a TNF blocker. There is insufficient information regarding the concomitant use of ABRILADA and other biologic products for the treatment of RA, PsA, AS, CD, UC, and Ps. Concomitant administration of ABRILADA with other biologic DMARDS (e.g., anakinra and abatacept) or other TNF blockers is not recommended based upon the possible increased risk for infections and other potential pharmacological interactions.

7.3 Live Vaccines

Avoid the use of live vaccines with ABRILADA [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)].

7.4 Cytochrome P450 Substrates

The formation of CYP450 enzymes may be suppressed by increased levels of cytokines (e.g., TNFα, IL-6) during chronic inflammation. It is possible for products that antagonizes cytokine activity, such as adalimumab products, to influence the formation of CYP450 enzymes. Upon initiation or discontinuation of ABRILADA in patients being treated with CYP450 substrates with a narrow therapeutic index, monitoring of the effect (e.g., warfarin) or drug concentration (e.g., cyclosporine or theophylline) is recommended and the individual dose of the drug product may be adjusted as needed.

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Risk Summary

Available studies with use of adalimumab during pregnancy do not reliably establish an association between adalimumab and major birth defects. Clinical data are available from the Organization of Teratology Information Specialists (OTIS)/MotherToBaby Pregnancy Registry in pregnant women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or Crohn's disease (CD) treated with adalimumab. Registry results showed a rate of 10% for major birth defects with first trimester use of adalimumab in pregnant women with RA or CD and a rate of 7.5% for major birth defects in the disease-matched comparison cohort. The lack of pattern of major birth defects is reassuring and differences between exposure groups may have impacted the occurrence of birth defects (see Data).

Adalimumab is actively transferred across the placenta during the third trimester of pregnancy and may affect immune response in the in utero exposed infant (see Clinical Considerations). In an embryo-fetal perinatal development study conducted in cynomolgus monkeys, no fetal harm or malformations were observed with intravenous administration of adalimumab during organogenesis and later in gestation, at doses that produced exposures up to approximately 373 times the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) of 40 mg subcutaneous without methotrexate (see Data).

The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated populations is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2–4% and 15–20%, respectively.

Clinical Considerations

Disease-Associated Maternal and Embryo/Fetal Risk

Published data suggest that the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with RA or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with increased disease activity. Adverse pregnancy outcomes include preterm delivery (before 37 weeks of gestation), low birth weight (less than 2500 g) infants, and small for gestational age at birth.

Fetal/Neonatal Adverse Reactions

Monoclonal antibodies are increasingly transported across the placenta as pregnancy progresses, with the largest amount transferred during the third trimester (see Data). Risks and benefits should be considered prior to administering live or live-attenuated vaccines to infants exposed to adalimumab products in utero [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)].

Data

Human Data

A prospective cohort pregnancy exposure registry conducted by OTIS/MotherToBaby in the U.S. and Canada between 2004 and 2016 compared the risk of major birth defects in live-born infants of 221 women (69 RA, 152 CD) treated with adalimumab during the first trimester and 106 women (74 RA, 32 CD) not treated with adalimumab.

The proportion of major birth defects among live-born infants in the adalimumab-treated and untreated cohorts was 10% (8.7% RA, 10.5% CD) and 7.5% (6.8% RA, 9.4% CD), respectively. The lack of pattern of major birth defects is reassuring and differences between exposure groups may have impacted the occurrence of birth defects. This study cannot reliably establish whether there is an association between adalimumab and major birth defects because of methodological limitations of the registry, including small sample size, the voluntary nature of the study, and the non-randomized design.

In an independent clinical study conducted in ten pregnant women with IBD treated with adalimumab, adalimumab concentrations were measured in maternal serum as well as in cord blood (n=10) and infant serum (n=8) on the day of birth. The last dose of adalimumab was given between 1 and 56 days prior to delivery. Adalimumab concentrations were 0.16–19.7 μg/mL in cord blood, 4.28–17.7 μg/mL in infant serum, and 0–16.1 μg/mL in maternal serum. In all but one case, the cord blood level of adalimumab was higher than the maternal serum level, suggesting adalimumab actively crosses the placenta. In addition, one infant had serum levels at each of the following: 6 weeks (1.94 μg/mL), 7 weeks (1.31 μg/mL), 8 weeks (0.93 μg/mL), and 11 weeks (0.53 μg/mL), suggesting adalimumab can be detected in the serum of infants exposed in utero for at least 3 months from birth.

Animal Data

In an embryo-fetal perinatal development study, pregnant cynomolgus monkeys received adalimumab from gestation days 20 to 97 at doses that produced exposures up to 373 times that achieved with the MRHD without methotrexate (on an AUC basis with maternal IV doses up to 100 mg/kg/week). Adalimumab did not elicit harm to the fetuses or malformations.

8.2 Lactation

Risk Summary

Limited data from case reports in the published literature describe the presence of adalimumab in human milk at infant doses of 0.1% to 1% of the maternal serum level. Published data suggest that the systemic exposure to a breastfed infant is expected to be low because adalimumab is a large molecule and is degraded in the gastrointestinal tract. However, the effects of local exposure in the gastrointestinal tract are unknown. There are no reports of adverse effects of adalimumab products on the breastfed infant and no effects on milk production. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother's clinical need for ABRILADA and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from ABRILADA or from the underlying maternal condition.

8.4 Pediatric Use

Safety and efficacy of ABRILADA in pediatric patients for uses other than polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) have not been established. Due to its inhibition of TNFα, adalimumab products administered during pregnancy could affect immune response in the in utero-exposed newborn and infant. Data from eight infants exposed to adalimumab in utero suggest adalimumab crosses the placenta [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)]. The clinical significance of elevated adalimumab levels in infants is unknown. The safety of administering live or live-attenuated vaccines in exposed infants is unknown. Risks and benefits should be considered prior to vaccinating (live or live-attenuated) exposed infants.

Postmarketing cases of lymphoma, including hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma and other malignancies, some fatal, have been reported among children, adolescents, and young adults who received treatment with TNF-blockers including adalimumab products [see Boxed Warning and Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

In Study JIA-I, adalimumab was shown to reduce signs and symptoms of active polyarticular JIA in patients 4 to 17 years of age [see Clinical Studies (14.2)]. Adalimumab products have not been studied in patients with polyarticular JIA less than 2 years of age or in patients with a weight below 10 kg.

The safety of adalimumab in patients in the polyarticular JIA trials was generally similar to that observed in adults with certain exceptions [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

8.5 Geriatric Use

A total of 519 RA patients 65 years of age and older, including 107 patients 75 years of age and older, received adalimumab in clinical studies RA-I through IV. No overall difference in effectiveness was observed between these patients and younger patients. The frequency of serious infection and malignancy among adalimumab-treated patients over 65 years of age was higher than for those under 65 years of age. Because there is a higher incidence of infections and malignancies in the elderly population, use caution when treating the elderly.

10 OVERDOSAGE

Doses up to 10 mg/kg have been administered to patients in clinical trials without evidence of dose-limiting toxicities. In case of overdosage, it is recommended that the patient be monitored for any signs or symptoms of adverse reactions or effects and appropriate symptomatic treatment instituted immediately.

11 DESCRIPTION

Adalimumab-afzb is a tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blocker. Adalimumab-afzb is a recombinant human IgG1 monoclonal antibody with human derived heavy and light chain variable regions and human IgG1:k constant regions. Adalimumab-afzb is produced by recombinant DNA technology in Chinese hamster ovary cells and is purified by a process that includes specific viral inactivation and removal steps. It consists of 1330 amino acids and has a molecular weight of approximately 148 kilodaltons.

ABRILADA (adalimumab-afzb) injection is supplied as a sterile, preservative-free solution for subcutaneous administration. The drug product is supplied as either a single-dose prefilled pen (ABRILADA pen), as a single-dose 1 mL prefilled glass syringe, or as a single-dose institutional use vial. Enclosed within the pen is a single-dose 1 mL prefilled glass syringe. The solution of ABRILADA is clear and colorless to very light brown, with a pH of about 5.5.

Each 40 mg/0.8 mL prefilled syringe, prefilled pen, or single-dose institutional use vial delivers 0.8 mL (40 mg) of drug product. Each 0.8 mL of ABRILADA contains adalimumab-afzb (40 mg), edetate disodium dihydrate (0.04 mg), L-histidine (0.63mg), L-histidine hydrochloride monohydrate (2.51 mg), L-methionine (0.16 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.16 mg), sucrose (68 mg), and Water for Injection, USP.

Each 20 mg/0.4 mL prefilled syringe delivers 0.4 mL (20 mg) of drug product. Each 0.4 mL of ABRILADA contains adalimumab-afzb (20 mg), edetate disodium dihydrate (0.02 mg), L-histidine (0.314 mg), L-histidine hydrochloride monohydrate (1.253 mg), L-methionine (0.08 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.08 mg), sucrose (34 mg), and Water for Injection, USP.

Each 10 mg/0.2 mL prefilled syringe delivers 0.2 mL (10 mg) of drug product. Each 0.2 mL of ABRILADA contains adalimumab-afzb (10 mg), edetate disodium dihydrate (0.01 mg), L-histidine (0.157 mg), L-histidine hydrochloride monohydrate (0.626 mg), L-methionine (0.04 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.04 mg), sucrose (17 mg), and Water for Injection, USP.

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

Adalimumab products bind specifically to TNF-alpha and block its interaction with the p55 and p75 cell surface TNF receptors. Adalimumab products also lyse surface TNF expressing cells in vitro in the presence of complement. Adalimumab products do not bind or inactivate lymphotoxin (TNF-beta). TNF is a naturally occurring cytokine that is involved in normal inflammatory and immune responses. Elevated levels of TNF are found in the synovial fluid of patients with RA, JIA, PsA, and AS and play an important role in both the pathologic inflammation and the joint destruction that are hallmarks of these diseases. Increased levels of TNF are also found in psoriasis plaques. In Ps, treatment with ABRILADA may reduce the epidermal thickness and infiltration of inflammatory cells. The relationship between these pharmacodynamic activities and the mechanism(s) by which adalimumab products exert their clinical effects is unknown.

Adalimumab products also modulate biological responses that are induced or regulated by TNF, including changes in the levels of adhesion molecules responsible for leukocyte migration (ELAM-1, VCAM-1, and ICAM-1 with an IC50 of 1–2 × 10-10M).

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

After treatment with adalimumab, a decrease in levels of acute phase reactants of inflammation (C-reactive protein [CRP] and erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR]) and serum cytokines (IL-6) was observed compared to baseline in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. A decrease in CRP levels was also observed in patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Serum levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-1 and MMP-3) that produce tissue remodeling responsible for cartilage destruction were also decreased after adalimumab administration.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

The maximum serum concentration (Cmax) and the time to reach the maximum concentration (Tmax) were 4.7 ± 1.6 µg/mL and 131 ± 56 hours respectively, following a single 40 mg subcutaneous administration of adalimumab to healthy adult subjects. The average absolute bioavailability of adalimumab estimated from three studies following a single 40 mg subcutaneous dose was 64%. The pharmacokinetics of adalimumab were linear over the dose range of 0.5 to 10.0 mg/kg following a single intravenous dose.

The single-dose pharmacokinetics of adalimumab in RA patients were determined in several studies with intravenous doses ranging from 0.25 to 10 mg/kg. The distribution volume (Vss) ranged from 4.7 to 6.0 L. The systemic clearance of adalimumab is approximately 12 mL/hr. The mean terminal half-life was approximately 2 weeks, ranging from 10 to 20 days across studies. Adalimumab concentrations in the synovial fluid from five rheumatoid arthritis patients ranged from 31 to 96% of those in serum.

In RA patients receiving 40 mg adalimumab every other week, adalimumab mean steady-state trough concentrations of approximately 5 µg/mL and 8 to 9 µg/mL, were observed without and with methotrexate (MTX), respectively. MTX reduced adalimumab apparent clearance after single and multiple dosing by 29% and 44% respectively, in patients with RA. Mean serum adalimumab trough levels at steady state increased approximately proportionally with dose following 20, 40, and 80 mg every other week and every week subcutaneous dosing. In long-term studies with dosing more than two years, there was no evidence of changes in clearance over time.

Adalimumab mean steady-state trough concentrations were slightly higher in psoriatic arthritis patients treated with 40 mg adalimumab every other week (6 to 10 µg/mL and 8.5 to 12 µg/mL, without and with MTX, respectively) compared to the concentrations in RA patients treated with the same dose.

The pharmacokinetics of adalimumab in patients with AS were similar to those in patients with RA.

In patients with CD, the loading dose of 160 mg adalimumab on Week 0 followed by 80 mg adalimumab on Week 2 achieves mean serum adalimumab trough levels of approximately 12 µg/mL at Week 2 and Week 4. Mean steady-state trough levels of approximately 7 µg/mL were observed at Week 24 and Week 56 in CD patients after receiving a maintenance dose of 40 mg adalimumab every other week.

In patients with UC, the loading dose of 160 mg adalimumab on Week 0 followed by 80 mg adalimumab on Week 2 achieves mean serum adalimumab trough levels of approximately 12 µg/mL at Week 2 and Week 4. Mean steady-state trough level of approximately 8 µg/mL was observed at Week 52 in UC patients after receiving a dose of 40 mg adalimumab every other week, and approximately 15 µg/mL at Week 52 in UC patients who increased to a dose of 40 mg adalimumab every week.

In patients with Ps, the mean steady-state trough concentration was approximately 5 to 6 µg/mL during adalimumab 40 mg every other week monotherapy treatment.

Population pharmacokinetic analyses in patients with RA revealed that there was a trend toward higher apparent clearance of adalimumab in the presence of anti-adalimumab antibodies, and lower clearance with increasing age in patients aged 40 to >75 years.

Minor increases in apparent clearance were also predicted in RA patients receiving doses lower than the recommended dose and in RA patients with high rheumatoid factor or CRP concentrations. These increases are not likely to be clinically important.

No gender-related pharmacokinetic differences were observed after correction for a patient's body weight. Healthy volunteers and patients with rheumatoid arthritis displayed similar adalimumab pharmacokinetics.

No pharmacokinetic data are available in patients with hepatic or renal impairment.

In Study JIA-I for patients with polyarticular JIA who were 4 to 17 years of age, the mean steady-state trough serum adalimumab concentrations for patients weighing <30 kg receiving 20 mg adalimumab subcutaneously every other week as monotherapy or with concomitant MTX were 6.8 µg/mL and 10.9 µg/mL, respectively. The mean steady-state trough serum adalimumab concentrations for patients weighing ≥30 kg receiving 40 mg adalimumab subcutaneously every other week as monotherapy or with concomitant MTX were 6.6 µg/mL and 8.1 µg/mL, respectively.

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Long-term animal studies of adalimumab products have not been conducted to evaluate the carcinogenic potential or its effect on fertility.

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Rheumatoid Arthritis

The efficacy and safety of adalimumab were assessed in five randomized, double-blind studies in patients ≥18 years of age with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) diagnosed according to American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria. Patients had at least 6 swollen and 9 tender joints.

Adalimumab was administered subcutaneously in combination with methotrexate (MTX) (12.5 to 25 mg, Studies RA-I, RA-III and RA-V) or as monotherapy (Studies RA-II and RA-V) or with other disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) (Study RA-IV).

Study RA-I evaluated 271 patients who had failed therapy with at least one but no more than four DMARDs and had inadequate response to MTX. Doses of 20, 40 or 80 mg of adalimumab or placebo were given every other week for 24 weeks.

Study RA-II evaluated 544 patients who had failed therapy with at least one DMARD. Doses of placebo, 20 or 40 mg of adalimumab were given as monotherapy every other week or weekly for 26 weeks.

Study RA-III evaluated 619 patients who had an inadequate response to MTX. Patients received placebo, 40 mg of adalimumab every other week with placebo injections on alternate weeks, or 20 mg of adalimumab weekly for up to 52 weeks. Study RA-III had an additional primary endpoint at 52 weeks of inhibition of disease progression (as detected by X-ray results). Upon completion of the first 52 weeks, 457 patients enrolled in an open-label extension phase in which 40 mg of adalimumab was administered every other week for up to 5 years.

Study RA-IV assessed safety in 636 patients who were either DMARD-naive or were permitted to remain on their pre-existing rheumatologic therapy provided that therapy was stable for a minimum of 28 days. Patients were randomized to 40 mg of adalimumab or placebo every other week for 24 weeks.

Study RA-V evaluated 799 patients with moderately to severely active RA of less than 3 years duration who were ≥18 years old and MTX naïve. Patients were randomized to receive either MTX (optimized to 20 mg/week by Week 8), adalimumab 40 mg every other week or adalimumab/MTX combination therapy for 104 weeks. Patients were evaluated for signs and symptoms, and for radiographic progression of joint damage. The median disease duration among patients enrolled in the study was 5 months. The median MTX dose achieved was 20 mg.

Clinical Response

The percent of adalimumab-treated patients achieving ACR 20, 50, and 70 responses in Studies RA-II and III are shown in Table 2.

Table 2. ACR Responses in Studies RA-II and RA-III (Percent of Patients)
ResponseStudy RA-II
Monotherapy
(26 weeks)
Study RA-III
Methotrexate Combination
(24 and 52 weeks)
Placebo
N=110
Adalimumab 40 mg
Every Other Week
N=113
Adalimumab 40 mg
Weekly
N=103
Placebo/MTX
N=200
Adalimumab/MTX
40 mg
Every Other Week
N=207
*
p<0.01, adalimumab vs. placebo.
ACR20
  Month 619%46%*53%*30%63%*
  Month 12NANANA24%59%*
ACR50
  Month 68%22%*35%*10%39%*
  Month 12NANANA10%42%*
ACR70
  Month 62%12%*18%*3%21%*
  Month 12NANANA5%23%*

The results of Study RA-I were similar to Study RA-III; patients receiving adalimumab 40 mg every other week in Study RA-I also achieved ACR 20, 50, and 70 response rates of 65%, 52%, and 24%, respectively, compared to placebo responses of 13%, 7%, and 3% respectively, at 6 months (p<0.01).

The results of the components of the ACR response criteria for Studies RA-II and RA-III are shown in Table 3. ACR response rates and improvement in all components of ACR response were maintained to Week 104. Over the 2 years in Study RA-III, 20% of adalimumab patients receiving 40 mg every other week achieved a major clinical response, defined as maintenance of an ACR 70 response over a 6-month period. ACR responses were maintained in similar proportions of patients for up to 5 years with continuous adalimumab treatment in the open-label portion of Study RA-III.

Table 3. Components of ACR Response in Studies RA-II and RA-III
Parameter
(median)
Study RA-IIStudy RA-III
Placebo
N=110
Adalimumab*
N=113
Placebo/MTX
N=200
Adalimumab*/MTX
N=207
BaselineWk 26BaselineWk 26BaselineWk 24BaselineWk 24
*
40 mg adalimumab administered every other week.
p<0.001, adalimumab vs. placebo, based on mean change from baseline.
Visual analogue scale; 0=best, 10=worst.
§
Disability Index of the Health Assessment Questionnaire; 0=best, 3=worst, measures the patient's ability to perform the following: dress/groom, arise, eat, walk, reach, grip, maintain hygiene, and maintain daily activity.
Number of tender joints (0–68)352631162615248
Number of swollen joints (0–66)191618101711185
Physician global assessment7.06.16.63.76.33.56.52.0
Patient global assessment7.56.37.54.55.43.95.22.0
Pain7.36.17.34.16.03.85.82.1
Disability index (HAQ)§2.01.91.91.51.51.31.50.8
CRP (mg/dL)3.94.34.61.81.00.91.00.4

The time course of ACR 20 response for Study RA-III is shown in Figure 1.

In Study RA-III, 85% of patients with ACR 20 responses at Week 24 maintained the response at 52 weeks. The time course of ACR 20 response for Study RA-I and Study RA-II were similar.

Figure 1. Study RA-III ACR 20 Responses Over 52 Weeks

Figure 1

In Study RA-IV, 53% of patients treated with adalimumab 40 mg every other week plus standard of care had an ACR 20 response at Week 24 compared to 35% on placebo plus standard of care (p<0.001). No unique adverse reactions related to the combination of adalimumab and other DMARDs were observed.

In Study RA-V with MTX naïve patients with recent onset RA, the combination treatment with adalimumab plus MTX led to greater percentages of patients achieving ACR responses than either MTX monotherapy or adalimumab monotherapy at Week 52 and responses were sustained at Week 104 (see Table 4).

Table 4. ACR Response in Study RA-V (Percent of Patients)
ResponseMTX*
N=257
Adalimumab
N=274
Adalimumab/MTX
N=268
*
p<0.05, adalimumab/MTX vs. MTX for ACR 20; p<0.001, adalimumab/MTX vs. MTX for ACR 50 and 70, and Major Clinical Response.
p<0.001, adalimumab/MTX vs. adalimumab.
Major clinical response is defined as achieving an ACR70 response for a continuous six month period.
ACR20
  Week 5263%54%73%
  Week 10456%49%69%
ACR50
  Week 5246%41%62%
  Week 10443%37%59%
ACR70
  Week 5227%26%46%
  Week 10428%28%47%
Major Clinical Response28%25%49%

At Week 52, all individual components of the ACR response criteria for Study RA-V improved in the adalimumab/MTX group and improvements were maintained to Week 104.

Radiographic Response

In Study RA-III, structural joint damage was assessed radiographically and expressed as change in Total Sharp Score (TSS) and its components, the erosion score and Joint Space Narrowing (JSN) score, at month 12 compared to baseline. At baseline, the median TSS was approximately 55 in the placebo and 40 mg every other week groups. The results are shown in Table 5. Adalimumab/MTX treated patients demonstrated less radiographic progression than patients receiving MTX alone at 52 weeks.

Table 5. Radiographic Mean Changes Over 12 Months in Study RA-III
Placebo/MTXAdalimumab/MTX
40 mg Every Other Week
Placebo/MTX
Adalimumab/MTX
(95% Confidence Interval*)
P-value
*
95% confidence intervals for the differences in change scores between MTX and adalimumab.
Based on rank analysis.
Total Sharp score2.70.12.6 (1.4, 3.8)<0.001
Erosion score1.60.01.6 (0.9, 2.2)<0.001
JSN score1.00.10.9 (0.3, 1.4)0.002

In the open-label extension of Study RA-III, 77% of the original patients treated with any dose of adalimumab were evaluated radiographically at 2 years. Patients maintained inhibition of structural damage, as measured by the TSS. Fifty-four percent had no progression of structural damage as defined by a change in the TSS of zero or less. Fifty-five percent (55%) of patients originally treated with 40 mg adalimumab every other week have been evaluated radiographically at 5 years. Patients had continued inhibition of structural damage with 50% showing no progression of structural damage defined by a change in the TSS of zero or less.

In Study RA-V, structural joint damage was assessed as in Study RA-III. Greater inhibition of radiographic progression, as assessed by changes in TSS, erosion score and JSN was observed in the adalimumab/MTX combination group as compared to either the MTX or adalimumab monotherapy group at Week 52 as well as at Week 104 (see Table 6).

Table 6. Radiographic Mean Change* in Study RA-V
MTX
N=257
Adalimumab,
N=274
Adalimumab/MTX
N=268
*
mean (95% confidence interval).
p<0.001, adalimumab/MTX vs. MTX at 52 and 104 weeks and for adalimumab/MTX vs. adalimumab at 104 weeks.
p<0.01, for adalimumab/MTX vs. adalimumab at 52 weeks.
52 WeeksTotal Sharp score5.7 (4.2, 7.3)3.0 (1.7, 4.3)1.3 (0.5, 2.1)
Erosion score3.7 (2.7, 4.8)1.7 (1.0, 2.4)0.8 (0.4, 1.2)
JSN score2.0 (1.2, 2.8)1.3 (0.5, 2.1)0.5 (0.0, 1.0)
104 WeeksTotal Sharp score10.4 (7.7, 13.2)5.5 (3.6, 7.4)1.9 (0.9, 2.9)
Erosion score6.4 (4.6, 8.2)3.0 (2.0, 4.0)1.0 (0.4, 1.6)
JSN score4.1 (2.7, 5.4)2.6 (1.5, 3.7)0.9 (0.3, 1.5)

Physical Function Response

In Studies RA-I through IV, adalimumab showed significantly greater improvement than placebo in the disability index of Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ-DI) from baseline to the end of study, and significantly greater improvement than placebo in the health-outcomes as assessed by the Short Form Health Survey (SF 36). Improvement was seen in both the Physical Component Summary (PCS) and the Mental Component Summary (MCS).

In Study RA-III, the mean (95% CI) improvement in HAQ-DI from baseline at Week 52 was 0.60 (0.55, 0.65) for the adalimumab patients and 0.25 (0.17, 0.33) for placebo/MTX (p<0.001) patients. Sixty-three percent of adalimumab-treated patients achieved a 0.5 or greater improvement in HAQ-DI at Week 52 in the double-blind portion of the study. Eighty-two percent of these patients maintained that improvement through Week 104 and a similar proportion of patients maintained this response through Week 260 (5 years) of open-label treatment. Mean improvement in the SF-36 was maintained through the end of measurement at Week 156 (3 years).

In Study RA-V, the HAQ-DI and the physical component of the SF-36 showed greater improvement (p<0.001) for the adalimumab/MTX combination therapy group versus either the MTX monotherapy or the adalimumab monotherapy group at Week 52, which was maintained through Week 104.

14.2 Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

The safety and efficacy of adalimumab was assessed in Study JIA-I in patients with active polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).

Study JIA-I

The safety and efficacy of adalimumab were assessed in a multicenter, randomized, withdrawal, double-blind, parallel-group study in 171 patients who were 4 to 17 years of age with polyarticular JIA. In the study, the patients were stratified into two groups: MTX-treated or non MTX-treated. All patients had to show signs of active moderate or severe disease despite previous treatment with NSAIDs, analgesics, corticosteroids, or DMARDS. Patients who received prior treatment with any biologic DMARDS were excluded from the study.

The study included four phases: an open-label lead in phase (OL-LI; 16 weeks), a double-blind randomized withdrawal phase (DB; 32 weeks), an open-label extension phase (OLE-BSA; up to 136 weeks), and an open-label fixed dose phase (OLE-FD; 16 weeks). In the first three phases of the study, adalimumab was administered based on body surface area at a dose of 24 mg/m2 up to a maximum total body dose of 40 mg subcutaneously (SC) every other week. In the OLE-FD phase, the patients were treated with 20 mg of adalimumab SC every other week if their weight was less than 30 kg and with 40 mg of adalimumab SC every other week if their weight was 30 kg or greater. Patients remained on stable doses of NSAIDs and or prednisone (≤0.2 mg/kg/day or 10 mg/day maximum).

Patients demonstrating a Pediatric ACR 30 response at the end of OL-LI phase were randomized into the double-blind (DB) phase of the study and received either adalimumab or placebo every other week for 32 weeks or until disease flare. Disease flare was defined as a worsening of ≥30% from baseline in ≥3 of 6 Pediatric ACR core criteria, ≥2 active joints, and improvement of >30% in no more than 1 of the 6 criteria. After 32 weeks or at the time of disease flare during the DB phase, patients were treated in the open-label extension phase based on the BSA regimen (OLE-BSA), before converting to a fixed dose regimen based on body weight (OLE-FD phase).

Study JIA-I Clinical Response

At the end of the 16-week OL-LI phase, 94% of the patients in the MTX stratum and 74% of the patients in the non-MTX stratum were Pediatric ACR 30 responders. In the DB phase significantly fewer patients who received adalimumab experienced disease flare compared to placebo, both without MTX (43% vs. 71%) and with MTX (37% vs. 65%). More patients treated with adalimumab continued to show Pediatric ACR 30/50/70 responses at Week 48 compared to patients treated with placebo. Pediatric ACR responses were maintained for up to two years in the OLE phase in patients who received adalimumab throughout the study.

14.3 Psoriatic Arthritis

The safety and efficacy of adalimumab was assessed in two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies in 413 patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Upon completion of both studies, 383 patients enrolled in an open-label extension study, in which 40 mg adalimumab was administered every other week.

Study PsA-I enrolled 313 adult patients with moderately to severely active PsA (>3 swollen and >3 tender joints) who had an inadequate response to NSAID therapy in one of the following forms: (1) distal interphalangeal (DIP) involvement (N=23); (2) polyarticular arthritis (absence of rheumatoid nodules and presence of plaque psoriasis) (N=210); (3) arthritis mutilans (N=1); (4) asymmetric PsA (N=77); or (5) AS-like (N=2). Patients on MTX therapy (158 of 313 patients) at enrollment (stable dose of ≤30 mg/week for >1 month) could continue MTX at the same dose. Doses of adalimumab 40 mg or placebo every other week were administered during the 24-week double-blind period of the study.

Compared to placebo, treatment with adalimumab resulted in improvements in the measures of disease activity (see Tables 7 and 8). Among patients with PsA who received adalimumab, the clinical responses were apparent in some patients at the time of the first visit (two weeks) and were maintained up to 88 weeks in the ongoing open-label study. Similar responses were seen in patients with each of the subtypes of psoriatic arthritis, although few patients were enrolled with the arthritis mutilans and ankylosing spondylitis-like subtypes. Responses were similar in patients who were or were not receiving concomitant MTX therapy at baseline.

Patients with psoriatic involvement of at least three percent body surface area (BSA) were evaluated for Psoriatic Area and Severity Index (PASI) responses. At 24 weeks, the proportions of patients achieving a 75% or 90% improvement in the PASI were 59% and 42% respectively, in the adalimumab group (N=69), compared to 1% and 0% respectively, in the placebo group (N=69) (p<0.001). PASI responses were apparent in some patients at the time of the first visit (two weeks). Responses were similar in patients who were or were not receiving concomitant MTX therapy at baseline.

Table 7. ACR Response in Study PsA-I (Percent of Patients)
Placebo
N=162
Adalimumab*
N=151
*
p<0.001 for all comparisons between adalimumab and placebo.
ACR20
  Week 1214%58%
  Week 2415%57%
ACR50
  Week 124%36%
  Week 246%39%
ACR70
  Week 121%20%
  Week 241%23%
Table 8. Components of Disease Activity in Study PsA-I
Placebo
N=162
Adalimumab*
N=151
Parameter: medianBaseline24 weeksBaseline24 weeks
*
p<0.001 for adalimumab vs. placebo comparisons based on median changes.
Scale 0–78.
Scale 0–76.
§
Visual analog scale; 0=best, 100=worst.
Disability Index of the Health Assessment Questionnaire; 0=best, 3=worst; measures the patient's ability to perform the following: dress/groom, arise, eat, walk, reach, grip, maintain hygiene, and maintain daily activity.
#
Normal range: 0–0.287 mg/dL.
Number of tender joints23.017.020.05.0
Number of swollen joints11.09.011.03.0
Physician global assessment§53.049.055.016.0
Patient global assessment§49.549.048.020.0
Pain§49.049.054.020.0
Disability index (HAQ)1.00.91.00.4
CRP (mg/dL)#0.80.70.80.2

Similar results were seen in an additional, 12-week study in 100 patients with moderate to severe psoriatic arthritis who had suboptimal response to DMARD therapy as manifested by ≥3 tender joints and ≥3 swollen joints at enrollment.

Radiographic Response

Radiographic changes were assessed in the PsA studies. Radiographs of hands, wrists, and feet were obtained at baseline and Week 24 during the double-blind period when patients were on adalimumab or placebo and at Week 48 when all patients were on open-label adalimumab. A modified Total Sharp Score (mTSS), which included distal interphalangeal joints (i.e., not identical to the TSS used for rheumatoid arthritis), was used by readers blinded to treatment group to assess the radiographs.

Adalimumab-treated patients demonstrated greater inhibition of radiographic progression compared to placebo-treated patients and this effect was maintained at 48 weeks (see Table 9).

Table 9. Change in Modified Total Sharp Score in Psoriatic Arthritis
Placebo
N=141
Adalimumab
N=133
Week 24Week 24Week 48
*
<0.001 for the difference between adalimumab, Week 48 and Placebo, Week 24 (primary analysis).
Baseline mean22.123.423.4
Mean change ± SD0.9 ± 3.1-0.1 ± 1.7-0.2 ± 4.9*

Physical Function Response

In Study PsA-I, physical function and disability were assessed using the HAQ Disability Index (HAQ-DI) and the SF-36 Health Survey. Patients treated with 40 mg of adalimumab every other week showed greater improvement from baseline in the HAQ-DI score (mean decreases of 47% and 49% at Weeks 12 and 24, respectively) in comparison to placebo (mean decreases of 1% and 3% at Weeks 12 and 24, respectively). At Weeks 12 and 24, patients treated with adalimumab showed greater improvement from baseline in the SF-36 Physical Component Summary score compared to patients treated with placebo, and no worsening in the SF-36 Mental Component Summary score. Improvement in physical function based on the HAQ-DI was maintained for up to 84 weeks through the open-label portion of the study.

14.4 Ankylosing Spondylitis

The safety and efficacy of adalimumab 40 mg every other week was assessed in 315 adult patients in a randomized, 24 week double-blind, placebo-controlled study in patients with active ankylosing spondylitis (AS) who had an inadequate response to glucocorticoids, NSAIDs, analgesics, methotrexate or sulfasalazine. Active AS was defined as patients who fulfilled at least two of the following three criteria: (1) a Bath AS disease activity index (BASDAI) score ≥4 cm, (2) a visual analog score (VAS) for total back pain ≥40 mm, and (3) morning stiffness ≥1 hour. The blinded period was followed by an open-label period during which patients received adalimumab 40 mg every other week subcutaneously for up to an additional 28 weeks.

Improvement in measures of disease activity was first observed at Week 2 and maintained through 24 weeks as shown in Figure 2 and Table 10.

Responses of patients with total spinal ankylosis (n=11) were similar to those without total ankylosis.

Figure 2. ASAS 20 Response By Visit, Study AS-I

Figure 2

At 12 weeks, the ASAS 20/50/70 responses were achieved by 58%, 38%, and 23%, respectively, of patients receiving adalimumab, compared to 21%, 10%, and 5% respectively, of patients receiving placebo (p<0.001). Similar responses were seen at Week 24 and were sustained in patients receiving open-label adalimumab for up to 52 weeks.

A greater proportion of patients treated with adalimumab (22%) achieved a low level of disease activity at 24 weeks (defined as a value <20 [on a scale of 0 to 100 mm] in each of the four ASAS response parameters) compared to patients treated with placebo (6%).

Table 10. Components of Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity
Placebo
N=107
Adalimumab
N=208
Baseline meanWeek 24 meanBaseline meanWeek 24 mean
*
Statistically significant for comparisons between adalimumab and placebo at Week 24.
Percent of subjects with at least a 20% and 10-unit improvement measured on a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) with 0=none and 100=severe.
Mean of questions 5 and 6 of BASDAI (defined in 'd').
§
Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index.
Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index.
#
Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index.
Þ
C-Reactive Protein (mg/dL).
ASAS 20 Response Criteria*
  Patient's Global Assessment of Disease Activity,*65606338
  Total back pain*67586537
  Inflammation,*6.75.66.73.6
  BASFI§,*56515234
BASDAI score*6.35.56.33.7
BASMI# score*4.24.13.83.3
  Tragus to wall (cm)15.915.815.815.4
  Lumbar flexion (cm)4.14.04.24.4
  Cervical rotation (degrees)42.242.148.451.6
  Lumbar side flexion (cm)8.99.09.711.7
  Intermalleolar distance (cm)92.994.093.5100.8
CRPÞ,*2.22.01.80.6

A second randomized, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 82 patients with ankylosing spondylitis showed similar results.

Patients treated with adalimumab achieved improvement from baseline in the Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (ASQoL) score (-3.6 vs. -1.1) and in the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) Physical Component Summary (PCS) score (7.4 vs. 1.9) compared to placebo-treated patients at Week 24.

14.5 Adult Crohn's Disease

The safety and efficacy of multiple doses of adalimumab were assessed in adult patients with moderately to severely active Crohn's disease, CD, (Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) ≥220 and ≤450) in randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies. Concomitant stable doses of aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, and/or immunomodulatory agents were permitted, and 79% of patients continued to receive at least one of these medications.

Induction of clinical remission (defined as CDAI <150) was evaluated in two studies. In Study CD-I, 299 TNF-blocker naïve patients were randomized to one of four treatment groups: the placebo group received placebo at Weeks 0 and 2, the 160/80 group received 160 mg adalimumab at Week 0 and 80 mg at Week 2, the 80/40 group received 80 mg at Week 0 and 40 mg at Week 2, and the 40/20 group received 40 mg at Week 0 and 20 mg at Week 2. Clinical results were assessed at Week 4.

In the second induction study, Study CD-II, 325 patients who had lost response to, or were intolerant to, previous infliximab therapy were randomized to receive either 160 mg adalimumab at Week 0 and 80 mg at Week 2, or placebo at Weeks 0 and 2. Clinical results were assessed at Week 4.

Maintenance of clinical remission was evaluated in Study CD-III. In this study, 854 patients with active disease received open-label adalimumab, 80 mg at Week 0 and 40 mg at Week 2. Patients were then randomized at Week 4 to 40 mg adalimumab every other week, 40 mg adalimumab every week, or placebo. The total study duration was 56 weeks. Patients in clinical response (decrease in CDAI ≥70) at Week 4 were stratified and analyzed separately from those not in clinical response at Week 4.

Induction of Clinical Remission

A greater percentage of the patients treated with 160/80 mg adalimumab achieved induction of clinical remission versus placebo at Week 4 regardless of whether the patients were TNF blocker naïve (CD-I), or had lost response to or were intolerant to infliximab (CD-II) (see Table 11).

Table 11. Induction of Clinical Remission in Studies CD-I and CD-II (Percent of Patients)
CD-ICD-II
Placebo
N=74
Adalimumab
160/80 mg
N=76
Placebo
N=166
Adalimumab
160/80 mg
N=159
Clinical remission is CDAI score <150; clinical response is decrease in CDAI of at least 70 points.
*
p<0.001 for adalimumab vs. placebo pairwise comparison of proportions.
p<0.01 for adalimumab vs. placebo pairwise comparison of proportions.
Week 4
Clinical remission12%36%*7%21%*
Clinical response34%58%34%52%

Maintenance of Clinical Remission

In Study CD-III at Week 4, 58% (499/854) of patients were in clinical response and were assessed in the primary analysis. At Weeks 26 and 56, greater proportions of patients who were in clinical response at Week 4 achieved clinical remission in the adalimumab 40 mg every other week maintenance group compared to patients in the placebo maintenance group (see Table 12). The group that received adalimumab therapy every week did not demonstrate significantly higher remission rates compared to the group that received adalimumab every other week.

Table 12. Maintenance of Clinical Remission in CD-III (Percent of Patients)
Placebo
N=170
40 mg Adalimumab Every Other Week
N=172
Clinical remission is CDAI score <150; clinical response is decrease in CDAI of at least 70 points.
*
p<0.001 for adalimumab vs. placebo pairwise comparisons of proportions
Week 26
Clinical remission17%40%*
Clinical response28%54%*
Week 56
Clinical remission12%36%*
Clinical response18%43%*

Of those in response at Week 4 who attained remission during the study, patients in the adalimumab every other week group maintained remission for a longer time than patients in the placebo maintenance group. Among patients who were not in response by Week 12, therapy continued beyond 12 weeks did not result in significantly more responses.

14.6 Ulcerative Colitis

The safety and efficacy of adalimumab were assessed in adult patients with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis (Mayo score 6 to 12 on a 12 point scale, with an endoscopy subscore of 2 to 3 on a scale of 0 to 3) despite concurrent or prior treatment with immunosuppressants such as corticosteroids, azathioprine, or 6-MP in two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical studies (Studies UC-I and UC-II). Both studies enrolled TNF-blocker naïve patients, but Study UC-II also allowed entry of patients who lost response to or were intolerant to TNF-blockers. Forty percent (40%) of patients enrolled in Study UC-II had previously used another TNF-blocker.

Concomitant stable doses of aminosalicylates and immunosuppressants were permitted. In Studies UC-I and II, patients were receiving aminosalicylates (69%), corticosteroids (59%) and/or azathioprine or 6-MP (37%) at baseline. In both studies, 92% of patients received at least one of these medications.

Induction of clinical remission (defined as Mayo score ≤2 with no individual subscores >1) at Week 8 was evaluated in both studies. Clinical remission at Week 52 and sustained clinical remission (defined as clinical remission at both Weeks 8 and 52) were evaluated in Study UC-II.

In Study UC-I, 390 TNF-blocker naïve patients were randomized to one of three treatment groups for the primary efficacy analysis. The placebo group received placebo at Weeks 0, 2, 4 and 6. The 160/80 group received 160 mg adalimumab at Week 0 and 80 mg at Week 2, and the 80/40 group received 80 mg adalimumab at Week 0 and 40 mg at Week 2. After Week 2, patients in both adalimumab treatment groups received 40 mg every other week.

In Study UC-II, 518 patients were randomized to receive either adalimumab 160 mg at Week 0, 80 mg at Week 2, and 40 mg every other week starting at Week 4 through Week 50, or placebo starting at Week 0 and every other week through Week 50. Corticosteroid taper was permitted starting at Week 8.

In both Studies UC-I and UC-II, a greater percentage of the patients treated with 160/80 mg of adalimumab compared to patients treated with placebo achieved induction of clinical remission. In Study UC-II, a greater percentage of the patients treated with 160/80 mg of adalimumab compared to patients treated with placebo achieved sustained clinical remission (clinical remission at both Weeks 8 and 52) (Table 13).

Table 13. Induction of Clinical Remission in Studies UC-I and UC-II and Sustained Clinical Remission in Study UC-II (Percent of Patients)
Study UC-IStudy UC-II
Placebo
N=130
Adalimumab
160/80 mg
N=130
Treatment Difference
(95% CI)
Placebo
N=246
Adalimumab
160/80 mg
N=248
Treatment Difference
(95% CI)
Clinical remission is defined as Mayo score ≤2 with no individual subscores >1. CI=Confidence interval.
*
p<0.05 for adalimumab vs. placebo pairwise comparison of proportions.
Induction of Clinical Remission (Clinical Remission at Week 8)9.2%18.5%9.3%*
(0.9%, 17.6%)
9.3%16.5%7.2%*
(1.2%, 12.9%)
Sustained Clinical Remission (Clinical Remission at both Weeks 8 and 52)N/AN/AN/A4.1%8.5%4.4%*
(0.1%, 8.6%)

In Study UC-I, there was no statistically significant difference in clinical remission observed between the adalimumab 80/40 mg group and the placebo group at Week 8.

In Study UC-II, 17.3% (43/248) in the adalimumab group were in clinical remission at Week 52 compared to 8.5% (21/246) in the placebo group (treatment difference: 8.8%; 95% confidence interval (CI): [2.8%, 14.5%]; p<0.05).

In the subgroup of patients in Study UC-II with prior TNF-blocker use, the treatment difference for induction of clinical remission appeared to be lower than that seen in the whole study population, and the treatment differences for sustained clinical remission and clinical remission at Week 52 appeared to be similar to those seen in the whole study population. The subgroup of patients with prior TNF-blocker use achieved induction of clinical remission at 9% (9/98) in the adalimumab group versus 7% (7/101) in the placebo group, and sustained clinical remission at 5% (5/98) in the adalimumab group versus 1% (1/101) in the placebo group. In the subgroup of patients with prior TNF-blocker use, 10% (10/98) were in clinical remission at Week 52 in the adalimumab group versus 3% (3/101) in the placebo group.

14.7 Plaque Psoriasis

The safety and efficacy of adalimumab were assessed in randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies in 1696 adult subjects with moderate to severe chronic plaque psoriasis (Ps) who were candidates for systemic therapy or phototherapy.

Study Ps-I evaluated 1212 subjects with chronic Ps with ≥10% body surface area (BSA) involvement, Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) of at least moderate disease severity, and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) ≥12 within three treatment periods. In period A, subjects received placebo or adalimumab at an initial dose of 80 mg at Week 0 followed by a dose of 40 mg every other week starting at Week 1. After 16 weeks of therapy, subjects who achieved at least a PASI 75 response at Week 16, defined as a PASI score improvement of at least 75% relative to baseline, entered period B and received open-label 40 mg adalimumab every other week. After 17 weeks of open label therapy, subjects who maintained at least a PASI 75 response at Week 33 and were originally randomized to active therapy in period A were re-randomized in period C to receive 40 mg adalimumab every other week or placebo for an additional 19 weeks. Across all treatment groups the mean baseline PASI score was 19 and the baseline Physician's Global Assessment score ranged from "moderate" (53%) to "severe" (41%) to "very severe" (6%).

Study Ps-II evaluated 99 subjects randomized to adalimumab and 48 subjects randomized to placebo with chronic plaque psoriasis with ≥10% BSA involvement and PASI ≥12. Subjects received placebo, or an initial dose of 80 mg adalimumab at Week 0 followed by 40 mg every other week starting at Week 1 for 16 weeks. Across all treatment groups the mean baseline PASI score was 21 and the baseline PGA score ranged from "moderate" (41%) to "severe" (51%) to "very severe" (8%).

Studies Ps-I and II evaluated the proportion of subjects who achieved "clear" or "minimal" disease on the 6-point PGA scale and the proportion of subjects who achieved a reduction in PASI score of at least 75% (PASI 75) from baseline at Week 16 (see Tables 14 and 15).

Additionally, Study Ps-I evaluated the proportion of subjects who maintained a PGA of "clear" or "minimal" disease or a PASI 75 response after Week 33 and on or before Week 52.

Table 14. Efficacy Results at 16 Weeks in Study Ps-I Number of Subjects (%)
Adalimumab 40 mg
Every Other Week
N=814
Placebo
N=398
*
Clear = no plaque elevation, no scale, plus or minus hyperpigmentation or diffuse pink or red coloration.
Minimal = possible but difficult to ascertain whether there is slight elevation of plaque above normal skin, plus or minus surface dryness with some white coloration, plus or minus up to red coloration.
PGA: Clear or minimal*506 (62%)17 (4%)
PASI 75578 (71%)26 (7%)
Table 15. Efficacy Results at 16 Weeks in Study Ps-II Number of Subjects (%)
Adalimumab 40 mg
Every Other Week
N=99
Placebo
N=48
*
Clear = no plaque elevation, no scale, plus or minus hyperpigmentation or diffuse pink or red coloration.
Minimal = possible but difficult to ascertain whether there is slight elevation of plaque above normal skin, plus or minus surface dryness with some white coloration, plus or minus up to red coloration.
PGA: Clear or minimal*70 (71%)5 (10%)
PASI 7577 (78%)9 (19%)

Additionally, in Study Ps-I, subjects on adalimumab who maintained a PASI 75 were re-randomized to adalimumab (N = 250) or placebo (N = 240) at Week 33. After 52 weeks of treatment with adalimumab, more subjects on adalimumab maintained efficacy when compared to subjects who were re-randomized to placebo based on maintenance of PGA of "clear" or "minimal" disease (68% vs. 28%) or a PASI 75 (79% vs. 43%).

A total of 347 stable responders participated in a withdrawal and retreatment evaluation in an open-label extension study. Median time to relapse (decline to PGA "moderate" or worse) was approximately 5 months. During the withdrawal period, no subject experienced transformation to either pustular or erythrodermic psoriasis. A total of 178 subjects who relapsed re-initiated treatment with 80 mg of adalimumab, then 40 mg every other week beginning at Week 1. At Week 16, 69% (123/178) of subjects had a response of PGA "clear" or "minimal".

A randomized, double-blind study (Study Ps-III) compared the efficacy and safety of adalimumab versus placebo in 217 adult subjects. Subjects in the study had to have chronic plaque psoriasis of at least moderate severity on the PGA scale, fingernail involvement of at least moderate severity on a 5-point Physician's Global Assessment of Fingernail Psoriasis (PGA-F) scale, a Modified Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (mNAPSI) score for the target-fingernail of ≥8, and either a BSA involvement of at least 10% or a BSA involvement of at least 5% with a total mNAPSI score for all fingernails of ≥20. Subjects received an initial dose of 80 mg adalimumab followed by 40 mg every other week (starting one week after the initial dose) or placebo for 26 weeks followed by open-label adalimumab treatment for an additional 26 weeks. This study evaluated the proportion of subjects who achieved "clear" or "minimal" assessment with at least a 2-grade improvement on the PGA-F scale and the proportion of subjects who achieved at least a 75% improvement from baseline in the mNAPSI score (mNAPSI 75) at Week 26.

At Week 26, a higher proportion of subjects in the adalimumab group than in the placebo group achieved the PGA-F endpoint. Furthermore, a higher proportion of subjects in the adalimumab group than in the placebo group achieved mNAPSI 75 at Week 26 (see Table 16).

Table 16. Efficacy Results at 26 Weeks
EndpointAdalimumab 40 mg
Every Other Week*
N=109
Placebo
N=108
*
Subjects received 80 mg of adalimumab at Week 0, followed by 40 mg every other week starting at Week 1.
PGA-F: ≥2-grade improvement and clear or minimal49%7%
mNAPSI 7547%3%

Nail pain was also evaluated and improvement in nail pain was observed in Study Ps-III.

15 REFERENCES

1. National Cancer Institute. Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Database (SEER) Program. SEER Incidence Crude Rates, 17 Registries, 2000–2007.

16 HOW SUPPLIED/STORAGE AND HANDLING

ABRILADA™ (adalimumab-afzb) is supplied as a preservative-free, sterile, clear and colorless to very light brown solution for subcutaneous administration. The following packaging configurations are available.

Storage and Stability

Do not use beyond the expiration date on the container. ABRILADA must be refrigerated at 36°F to 46°F (2°C to 8°C). DO NOT FREEZE. Do not use if frozen even if it has been thawed.

Store in original carton until time of administration to protect from light.

If needed, for example when traveling, ABRILADA may be stored at room temperature up to a maximum of 86°F (30°C) for a period of up to 30 days, with protection from light. ABRILADA should be discarded if not used within the 30-day period. Record the date when ABRILADA is first removed from the refrigerator in the spaces provided on the ABRILADA pen carton or the prefilled syringe carton.

Do not store ABRILADA in extreme heat or cold.

17 PATIENT COUNSELING INFORMATION

Advise the patient to read the FDA-approved patient labeling (Medication Guide and Instructions for Use).

Patient Counseling

Provide the ABRILADA "Medication Guide" to patients or their caregivers, and provide them an opportunity to read it and ask questions prior to initiation of therapy and prior to each time the prescription is renewed. If patients develop signs and symptoms of infection, instruct them to seek medical evaluation immediately.

Advise patients of the potential benefits and risks of ABRILADA.

  • Infections
    Inform patients that ABRILADA may lower the ability of their immune system to fight infections. Instruct patients of the importance of contacting their healthcare provider if they develop any symptoms of infection, including tuberculosis, invasive fungal infections, and reactivation of hepatitis B virus infections.
  • Malignancies
    Counsel patients about the risk of malignancies while receiving ABRILADA.
  • Allergic Reactions
    Advise patients to seek immediate medical attention if they experience any symptoms of severe allergic reactions.
  • Other Medical Conditions
    Advise patients to report any signs of new or worsening medical conditions such as congestive heart failure, neurological disease, autoimmune disorders, or cytopenias. Advise patients to report any symptoms suggestive of a cytopenia such as bruising, bleeding, or persistent fever.

Instructions on Injection Technique

Inform patients that the first injection is to be performed under the supervision of a qualified healthcare professional. If a patient or caregiver is to administer ABRILADA, instruct them in injection techniques and assess their ability to inject subcutaneously to ensure the proper administration of ABRILADA [see Instructions for Use].

For patients who will use ABRILADA pen, tell them that they:

  • Will only be able to press down the injection button when they are pushing the pen down firmly enough at the injection site.
  • Will hear a click when the injection button is pressed all the way down. The click means the start of the injection.
  • Will know the injection has finished and have received a full dose of medicine when they see the orange bar in the window, 5 seconds after hearing the 2nd click.

Instruct patients to dispose of their used needles and syringes or used pen in a FDA-cleared sharps disposal container immediately after use. Instruct patients not to dispose of loose needles and syringes or pen in their household trash. Instruct patients that if they do not have a FDA-cleared sharps disposal container, they may use a household container that is made of a heavy-duty plastic, can be closed with a tight-fitting and puncture-resistant lid without sharps being able to come out, upright and stable during use, leak-resistant, and properly labeled to warn of hazardous waste inside the container.

Instruct patients that when their sharps disposal container is almost full, they will need to follow their community guidelines for the correct way to dispose of their sharps disposal container. Instruct patients that there may be state or local laws regarding disposal of used needles and syringes. Refer patients to the FDA's website at http://www.fda.gov/safesharpsdisposal for more information about safe sharps disposal, and for specific information about sharps disposal in the state that they live in.

Instruct patients not to dispose of their used sharps disposal container in their household trash unless their community guidelines permit this. Instruct patients not to recycle their used sharps disposal container.

This product's label may have been updated. For current full prescribing information, please visit www.pfizer.com.

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Manufactured by Pfizer Inc.
New York, NY 10017

Distributed by Pfizer Labs
Division of Pfizer Inc.
New York, NY 10017

US License No. 2001

LAB-1350-1.0

This Medication Guide has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.Issued: 11/2019
MEDICATION GUIDE
ABRILADA™ (AH brill-ah-dah)
(adalimumab-afzb)
Injection
Read the Medication Guide that comes with ABRILADA before you start taking it and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This Medication Guide does not take the place of talking with your healthcare provider about your medical condition or treatment.
What is the most important information I should know about ABRILADA?
ABRILADA is a medicine that affects your immune system. ABRILADA can lower the ability of your immune system to fight infections. Serious infections have happened in people taking adalimumab products. These serious infections include tuberculosis (TB) and infections caused by viruses, fungi or bacteria that have spread throughout the body. Some people have died from these infections.
  • Your healthcare provider should test you for TB before starting ABRILADA.
  • Your healthcare provider should check you closely for signs and symptoms of TB during treatment with ABRILADA.
You should not start taking ABRILADA if you have any kind of infection unless your healthcare provider says it is okay.
Before starting ABRILADA, tell your healthcare provider if you:
  • think you have an infection or have symptoms of infection such as:
  • fever, sweats, or chills
  • muscle aches
  • cough
  • shortness of breath
  • blood in phlegm
  • warm, red, or painful skin or sores on your body
  • diarrhea or stomach pain
  • burning when you urinate or urinate more often than normal
  • feel very tired
  • weight loss
  • are being treated for an infection.
  • get a lot of infections or have infections that keep coming back.
  • have diabetes.
  • have TB, or have been in close contact with someone with TB.
  • were born in, lived in, or traveled to countries where there is more risk for getting TB. Ask your healthcare provider if you are not sure.
  • live or have lived in certain parts of the country (such as the Ohio and Mississippi River valleys) where there is an increased risk for getting certain kinds of fungal infections (histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, or blastomycosis). These infections may happen or become more severe if you use ABRILADA. Ask your healthcare provider if you do not know if you have lived in an area where these infections are common.
  • have or have had hepatitis B.
  • use the medicine ORENCIA® (abatacept), KINERET® (anakinra), RITUXAN® (rituximab), IMURAN® (azathioprine), or PURINETHOL® (6–mercaptopurine, 6-MP).
  • are scheduled to have major surgery
After starting ABRILADA, call your healthcare provider right away if you have an infection, or any sign of an infection.
ABRILADA can make you more likely to get infections or make any infection that you may have worse.
Cancer
  • For children and adults taking tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers, including ABRILADA, the chances of getting cancer may increase.
  • There have been cases of unusual cancers in children, teenagers, and young adults using TNF blockers.
  • People with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), especially more serious RA, may have a higher chance for getting a kind of cancer called lymphoma.
  • If you use TNF blockers including ABRILADA your chance of getting two types of skin cancer may increase (basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer of the skin). These types of cancer are generally not life-threatening if treated. Tell your healthcare provider if you have a bump or open sore that does not heal.
  • Some people receiving TNF blockers including ABRILADA developed a rare type of cancer called hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma. This type of cancer often results in death. Most of these people were male teenagers or young men. Also, most people were being treated for Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis with another medicine called IMURAN® (azathioprine) or PURINETHOL® (6-mercaptopurine, 6-MP).
What is ABRILADA?
ABRILADA is a medicine called a tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blocker. ABRILADA is used:
  • To reduce the signs and symptoms of:
    • moderate to severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in adults. ABRILADA can be used alone, with methotrexate, or with certain other medicines.
    • moderate to severe polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in children 4 years and older. ABRILADA can be used alone, with methotrexate, or with certain other medicines.
    • psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in adults. ABRILADA can be used alone or with certain other medicines.
    • ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in adults.
    • moderate to severe Crohn's disease (CD) in adults when other treatments have not worked well enough.
  • In adults, to help get moderate to severe ulcerative colitis (UC) under control (induce remission) and keep it under control (sustain remission) when certain other medicines have not worked well enough. It is not known if adalimumab products are effective in people who stopped responding to or could not tolerate TNF-blocker medicines.
  • To treat moderate-to-severe chronic (lasting a long time) plaque psoriasis (Ps) in adults who have the condition in many areas of their body and who may benefit from taking injections or pills (systemic therapy) or phototherapy (treatment using ultraviolet light alone or with pills).
What should I tell my healthcare provider before taking ABRILADA?
ABRILADA may not be right for you. Before starting ABRILADA, tell your healthcare provider about all of your health conditions, including if you:
  • have an infection. See "What is the most important information I should know about ABRILADA?"
  • have or have had cancer.
  • have any numbness or tingling or have a disease that affects your nervous system such as multiple sclerosis or Guillain-Barré syndrome.
  • have or had heart failure.
  • have recently received or are scheduled to receive a vaccine. You may receive vaccines, except for live vaccines while using ABRILADA. Children should be brought up to date with all vaccines before starting ABRILADA.
  • are allergic to ABRILADA or to any of its ingredients. See the end of this Medication Guide for a list of ingredients in ABRILADA.
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. You and your healthcare provider should decide if you should take ABRILADA while you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • have a baby and you were using ABRILADA during your pregnancy. Tell your baby's healthcare provider before your baby receives any vaccines.
Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.
Especially tell your healthcare provider if you use:
  • ORENCIA® (abatacept), KINERET® (anakinra), REMICADE® (infliximab), ENBREL® (etanercept), CIMZIA® (certolizumab pegol) or SIMPONI® (golimumab), because you should not use ABRILADA while you are also using one of these medicines.
  • RITUXAN® (rituximab). Your healthcare provide may not want to give you ABRILADA if you have received RITUXAN® (rituximab) recently.
  • IMURAN® (azathioprine) or PURINETHOL® (6–mercaptopurine, 6-MP).
Keep a list of your medicines with you to show your healthcare provider and pharmacist each time you get a new medicine.
How should I take ABRILADA?
  • ABRILADA is given by an injection under the skin. Your healthcare provider will tell you how often to take an injection of ABRILADA. This is based on your condition to be treated. Do not inject ABRILADA more often than you were prescribed.
  • See the Instructions for Use inside the carton for complete instructions for the right way to prepare and inject ABRILADA.
  • Make sure you have been shown how to inject ABRILADA before you do it yourself. You can call your healthcare provider or 1-800-438-1985 if you have any questions about giving yourself an injection. Someone you know can also help you with your injection after they have been shown how to prepare and inject ABRILADA.
  • Do not try to inject ABRILADA yourself until you are shown the right way to give the injections and read and understand the Instructions for Use. If your healthcare provider decides that you or a caregiver may be able to give your injections of ABRILADA at home, you should receive training on the right way to prepare and inject ABRILADA.
  • Do not miss any doses of ABRILADA unless your healthcare provider says it is okay. If you forget to take ABRILADA, inject a dose as soon as you remember. Then, take your next dose at your regular scheduled time. This will put you back on schedule. In case you are not sure when to inject ABRILADA, call your healthcare provider or pharmacist.
  • If you take more ABRILADA than you were told to take, call your healthcare provider.
What are the possible side effects of ABRILADA?
ABRILADA can cause serious side effects, including:
See "What is the most important information I should know about ABRILADA?"
  • Serious Infections.
    Your healthcare provider will examine you for TB and perform a test to see if you have TB. If your healthcare provider feels that you are at risk for TB, you may be treated with medicine for TB before you begin treatment with ABRILADA and during treatment with ABRILADA. Even if your TB test is negative your healthcare provider should carefully monitor you for TB infections while you are taking ABRILADA. People who had a negative TB skin test before receiving adalimumab products have developed active TB. Tell your healthcare provider if you have any of the following symptoms while taking or after taking ABRILADA:
  • cough that does not go away
  • low grade fever
  • weight loss
  • loss of body fat and muscle (wasting)
  • Hepatitis B infection in people who carry the virus in their blood.
    If you are a carrier of the hepatitis B virus (a virus that affects the liver), the virus can become active while you use ABRILADA. Your healthcare provider should do blood tests before you start treatment, while you are using ABRILADA, and for several months after you stop treatment with ABRILADA. Tell your healthcare provider if you have any of the following symptoms of a possible hepatitis B infection:
  • muscle aches
  • feel very tired
  • dark urine
  • skin or eyes look yellow
  • little or no appetite
  • vomiting
  • clay-colored bowel movements
  • fever
  • chills
  • stomach discomfort
  • skin rash
  • Allergic reactions. Allergic reactions can happen in people who use ABRILADA. Call your healthcare provider or get medical help right away if you have any of these symptoms of a serious allergic reaction:
  • hives
  • trouble breathing
  • swelling of your face, eyes, lips or mouth
  • Nervous system problems. Signs and symptoms of a nervous system problem include: numbness or tingling, problems with your vision, weakness in your arms or legs, and dizziness.
  • Blood problems. Your body may not make enough of the blood cells that help fight infections or help to stop bleeding. Symptoms include a fever that does not go away, bruising or bleeding very easily, or looking very pale.
  • New heart failure or worsening of heart failure you already have. Call your healthcare provider right away if you get new worsening symptoms of heart failure while taking ABRILADA, including:
  • shortness of breath
  • sudden weight gain
  • swelling of your ankles or feet
  • Immune reactions including a lupus-like syndrome. Symptoms include chest discomfort or pain that does not go away, shortness of breath, joint pain, or a rash on your cheeks or arms that gets worse in the sun. Symptoms may improve when you stop ABRILADA.
  • Liver problems. Liver problems can happen in people who use TNF-blocker medicines. These problems can lead to liver failure and death. Call your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these symptoms:
  • feel very tired
  • poor appetite or vomiting
  • skin or eyes look yellow
  • pain on the right side of your stomach (abdomen)
  • Psoriasis. Some people using adalimumab products had new psoriasis or worsening of psoriasis they already had. Tell your healthcare provider if you develop red scaly patches or raised bumps that are filled with pus. Your healthcare provider may decide to stop your treatment with ABRILADA.
Call your healthcare provider or get medical care right away if you develop any of the above symptoms. Your treatment with ABRILADA may be stopped.
Common side effects with ABRILADA include:
  • injection site reactions: redness, rash, swelling, itching, or bruising. These symptoms usually will go away within a few days. Call your healthcare provider right away if you have pain, redness or swelling around the injection site that does not go away within a few days or gets worse.
  • upper respiratory infections (including sinus infections).
  • headaches.
  • rash.
These are not all the possible side effects with ABRILADA. Tell your healthcare provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away. Ask your healthcare provider or pharmacist for more information.
Call your healthcare provider for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
How should I store ABRILADA?
  • Store ABRILADA in the refrigerator at 36°F to 46°F (2°C to 8°C). Store ABRILADA in the original carton until use to protect it from light.
  • Do not freeze ABRILADA. Do not use ABRILADA if frozen, even if it has been thawed.
  • Refrigerated ABRILADA may be used until the expiration date printed on the ABRILADA carton, pen or prefilled syringe. Do not use ABRILADA after the expiration date.
  • If needed, for example when you are traveling, you may also store ABRILADA at room temperature up to 86°F (30°C) for up to 30 days. Store ABRILADA in the original carton until use to protect it from light.
  • Throw away ABRILADA if it has been kept at room temperature and not been used within 30 days.
  • Record the date you first remove ABRILADA from the refrigerator in the spaces provided on the ABRILADA pen carton or the prefilled syringe carton.
  • Do not store ABRILADA in extreme heat or cold.
  • The medicine in ABRILADA should be clear and colorless to very light brown. Do not use a pen or prefilled syringe if the liquid is cloudy, discolored, or has flakes or particles in it.
  • Do not drop or crush ABRILADA. The prefilled syringe is glass.
Keep ABRILADA, injection supplies, and all other medicines out of the reach of children.
General information about the safe and effective use of ABRILADA
Medicines are sometimes prescribed for purposes other than those listed in a Medication Guide. Do not use ABRILADA for a condition for which it was not prescribed. Do not give ABRILADA to other people, even if they have the same condition. It may harm them. This Medication Guide summarizes the most important information about ABRILADA. If you would like more information, talk with your healthcare provider. You can ask your pharmacist or healthcare provider for information about ABRILADA that is written for health professionals. For more information go to www.Pfizer.com.

What are the ingredients in ABRILADA?

Active ingredient: adalimumab-afzb
ABRILADA pen 40 mg/0.8 mL, ABRILADA 40 mg/0.8 mL prefilled syringe, ABRILADA 20 mg/0.4 mL prefilled syringe, ABRILADA 10 mg/0.2 mL prefilled syringe, and ABRILADA 40 mg/0.8 mL institutional use vial:

Inactive ingredients: edetate disodium dihydrate, L-histidine, L-histidine hydrochloride monohydrate, L-methionine, polysorbate 80, sucrose, and Water for Injection.

Logo

Manufactured by Pfizer Inc.
New York, NY 10017

Distributed by Pfizer Labs
Division of Pfizer Inc.
New York, NY 10017

US License No. 2001

LAB-1351-1.0

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE

ABRILADA (AH brill-ah-dah)
(adalimumab-afzb)
40 mg/0.8 mL
Single-dose Prefilled Pen
Injection, for subcutaneous (under the skin) use

Keep this leaflet. These instructions show step by step directions on how to prepare and give an injection.

Storage Information:

Keep ABRILADA, injection supplies, and all other medicines out of the reach of children.

ABRILADA for injection comes in a disposable (throw away) single-use pen that contains a single dose of medicine.

ABRILADA for injection can be given by a patient, caregiver or healthcare provider. Do not try to inject ABRILADA yourself until you are shown the right way to give the injections and read and understand the Instructions for Use. If your healthcare provider decides that you or a caregiver may be able to give your injections of ABRILADA at home, you should receive training on the right way to prepare and inject ABRILADA. It is important that you read, understand, and follow these instructions so that you inject ABRILADA the right way.

It is important to talk to your healthcare provider to be sure you understand your ABRILADA dosing instructions. To help you remember when to inject ABRILADA, you can mark your calendar ahead of time. Call your healthcare provider if you or your caregiver have any questions about the right way to inject ABRILADA.

Step 1. Supplies you need

Step 2. Getting ready

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Questions and Answers

What should I do with my pen if it has been dropped?

Do not use it, even if it looks undamaged. Dispose of your pen in the same way as a used pen. You will need to use a new pen to give your injection.

Can I use my pen straight from the refrigerator?

Yes, however you may find that using the pen at room temperature reduces stinging or discomfort. If you allow your pen to reach room temperature before use, you must keep it away from direct sunlight as this can damage your medicine.

What should I do if I need to travel?

When you are traveling, you may store your pen in its carton at room temperature up to 86°F (30°C) for up to 30 days.

Is it okay to shake my pen before I use it?

No, do not shake your pen. Shaking can damage your medicine. When you check your medicine, gently tilt your pen back and forth while looking carefully into the window. It is normal to see one or more air bubbles.

Do I need to remove any air bubbles before using my pen?

No, do not attempt to remove air bubbles.

Drops of medicine have appeared at the needle tip. Is this okay?

Yes, it is normal to see a few drops of medicine at the needle tip when you remove the cap.

Can I re-insert the needle if I change my mind where I want to inject?

No, you should not re-insert the needle into your skin. If you change your mind, you will need a replacement pen if the needle has already been inserted into the skin. After the injection button has been pressed, you must not lift your pen from the skin until the injection has finished.

I pushed my pen against the skin but could not press the button down. What should I do?

Take your finger off the injection button and push your pen down more firmly against the skin. Then try pushing the button again. If this does not work, stretching the skin may make the injection site firmer, making pressing the injection button easier.

Can I pinch or stretch the skin at the injection area?

Yes, pinching or stretching the skin before injection may make the injection site firmer, making it easier to press the injection button.

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Do I need to keep my finger pressed on the injection button for the whole injection?

No, you can stop pressing the button when the injection has started. However, make sure you keep holding the pen firmly against the skin. The pen will continue to deliver your medicine.

How long will the injection take?

From the time the dose begins until you hear the 2nd click, it usually takes 3 to 10 seconds. After the 2nd click, you should continue to hold your pen in place for at least 5 more seconds to make sure you give the full dose.

What should I do if I see more than a small drop of medicine on the skin after giving my injection?

Nothing this time, but for your next injection wait a little longer before removing the pen from the skin to make sure all of the medicine went into your skin.

What should I do if I have any questions about my ABRILADA pen or medicine?

Contact your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

This Instructions for Use has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Logo

Manufactured by Pfizer Inc.
New York, NY 10017

Distributed by Pfizer Labs
Division of Pfizer Inc.
New York, NY 10017

US License No. 2001

LAB-1352-1.0

Approved: 11/2019

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE

ABRILADA (AH brill-ah-dah)
(adalimumab-afzb)
10 mg/0.2 mL, 20 mg/0.4 mL, 40 mg/0.8 mL
Single-dose Prefilled Syringe

Injection, for subcutaneous (under the skin) use only

Keep this leaflet. These instructions show step by step directions on how to prepare and give an injection.

Storage Information:

Keep ABRILADA, injection supplies, and all other medicines out of the reach of children.

ABRILADA for injection comes in a disposable (throw away) single use prefilled syringe that contains a single dose of medicine.

ABRILADA for injection can be given by a patient, caregiver or healthcare provider. Do not try to inject ABRILADA yourself until you are shown the right way to give the injections and read and understand the Instructions for Use. If your healthcare provider decides that you or a caregiver may be able to give your injections of ABRILADA at home, you should receive training on the right way to prepare and inject ABRILADA. It is important that you read, understand, and follow these instructions so that you inject ABRILADA the right way.

It is important to talk to your healthcare provider to be sure you understand your ABRILADA dosing instructions. To help you remember when to inject ABRILADA, you can mark your calendar ahead of time. Call your healthcare provider if you or your caregiver have any questions about the right way to inject ABRILADA.

Step 1. Supplies you need

Image

Step 2. Getting ready

Step 3
Step 4
Step 5
Step 6
Step 7
Step 8
Step 9
Step 10
Step 11

Questions and Answers

What should I do with my prefilled syringe if it has been dropped?

Do not use it if it has been dropped or the carton containing your prefilled syringe has been dropped even if it looks undamaged. Dispose of your prefilled syringe in the same way as a used prefilled syringe. You will need to use a new prefilled syringe to give your injection.

Can I use my prefilled syringe straight from the refrigerator?

Yes, however you may find that using the prefilled syringe at room temperature reduces stinging or discomfort. If you allow your prefilled syringe to reach room temperature before use, you must keep it away from direct sunlight as this can damage your medicine.

What should I do if I need to travel?

When you are traveling, you may store your prefilled syringe in its carton at room temperature up to 86°F (30°C) for up to 30 days.

Is it okay to shake my prefilled syringe before I use it?

No, do not shake your prefilled syringe. Shaking can damage your medicine. When you check your medicine, gently tilt your syringe back and forth while looking carefully into the window. It is normal to see one or more bubbles.

Do I need to remove any air bubbles before using my prefilled syringe?

No, do not attempt to remove air bubbles.

Drops of medicine have appeared at the needle tip. Is this okay?

Yes, it is normal to see a few drops of medicine at the needle tip when you remove the needle cover.

Can I re-insert the needle into my skin?

No, you should not re-insert the needle into the skin. You will need a replacement prefilled syringe if the needle has already been inserted into the skin.

How long will the injection take?

Dose delivery will take approximately 2 to 5 seconds. Remember to hold your prefilled syringe in place for at least 5 seconds after the plunger has been pushed down all the way.

What should I do if I have any questions about my prefilled syringe or medicine?

Contact your healthcare provider or pharmacist.

This Instructions for Use has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

Logo

Manufactured by Pfizer Inc.
New York, NY 10017

Distributed by Pfizer Labs
Division of Pfizer Inc.
New York, NY 10017

US License No. 2001

LAB-1353-1.0

Approved: 11/2019

Revised: 12/2019
Document Id: 7f07cfb0-16fe-4f3f-a09a-6fc05fd30c90
Set id: 81a33cfa-262f-4432-a05d-7dd260928437
Version: 2
Effective Time: 20191223
 
Pfizer Laboratories Div Pfizer Inc